Lin zexu letter to queen victoria. digital china/harvard: Letter of Advice to Queen Victoria 2022-10-28

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Letter From Lin Zexu to Queen Victoria (July 19, 1839)

lin zexu letter to queen victoria

Since it is not permitted to do harm to your own country, then even less should you let it be passed on to the harm of other countries -- how much less to China! Since it is not permitted to do harm to your own country, then even less should you let it be passed on to the harm of other countries -- how much less to China! But, in the future, if anyone repeats the crime, it will be hard to avoid punishment. This is the source from which your country has become known for its wealth. Nevertheless, we took into consideration the fact that many foreigners regret their crimes, have asked for forgiveness, and relinquished the opium from their ships in an amount of 20,283 chests to your representative Elliot; which has been confiscated and destroyed. By the early nineteenth century opium was the principal product that the English East India Company traded in China and opium addiction was becoming a widespread social problem. .

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LIN ZEXU's letter to the Queen

lin zexu letter to queen victoria

They are good for food and other purposes and are easy to sell. We have heard heretofore that your honorable ruler is kind and benevolent. For this reason the Celestial Court in soothing those from afar has redoubled its polite and kind treatment. His Majesty the Emperor, upon hearing of this, is in a towering rage. . May you, O King, check your wicked and sift your wicked people before they come to China, in order to guarantee the peace of your nation, to show further the sincerity of your politeness and submissiveness, and to let the two countries enjoy together the blessings of peace How fortunate, how fortunate indeed! In short, by taking this one measure, you can bring great happiness to others as well as yourself. Generally speaking, the succeeding rulers of your honorable country have been respectful and obedient.

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digital china/harvard: Letter of Advice to Queen Victoria

lin zexu letter to queen victoria

Having investigated the matter, we have determined that your country is sixty to seventy thousand Ii away from China, and that foreign ships compete for our lucrative trade. Most scholars do not believe that the letter ever reached the Queen. It was a remarkably frank document, especially given the usual highly stylized language of Chinese diplomacy. The fact is that the wicked barbarians beguile the Chinese people into a death trap. But after a long period of commercial intercourse, there appear among the crowd of barbarians both good persons and bad, unevenly.

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letter to queen victoria

lin zexu letter to queen victoria

Without meaning to say that the foreigners harbor such destructive intentions in their hearts, we yet positively assert that from their inordinate thirst after gain, they are perfectly careless about the injuries they inflict upon us! Opium was not illegal in china at that time. Following the emperor's decision to implement Huang Juezi's recommendations, few officials were surprised by Lin's appointment as special commissioner to Guangzhou. That is to say, the great profit made by barbarians is all taken from the rightful share of China. At this point this is an example of legal distribution of opium from Britain to China, opium was already established after being introduced to China by the Portuguese in the seventeenth century and was used by a lot the population. However, it was soon discovered in the late 1700s that the Chinese had the insatiable desire for opium by Britain merchants. Have they no conscience? Therefore, Britain had the most blame for the Opium Wars because of their imperialistic attitude towards China and other Influence of Global Relations on the Production and Distribution of Legal and Illegal Opiates As far back as the nineteenth century global relations played a key role in the legal and illegal distribution of opiates.

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Lin Zexu Letter to Queen childhealthpolicy.vumc.org

lin zexu letter to queen victoria

The Western Imperialists began to grow opium poppies from in India, and then smuggle them into China. Perhaps the most famous of all the extant Opium War documents, Lin Zexu's letter to Queen Victoria likely never reached her. However, the letter also reveals the –en•i‘n• b—ilding in China and –he —n•e––ling im’lica–i‘n• ‘f E—”‘’eǯ• im’e”iali•–ic de•ign•Ǥ These fears were confirmed in the First Opium War a year later, when the British inflicted crushing defeats on the Chinese military and shattered the Chinese vision of omnipotence. It is only in sundry parts of your colonial kingdom of Hindostan, such as Bengal, Madras, Bombay, Patna, Malwa, Benares, Malacca, and other places where the very hills are covered with the opium plant, where tanks are made for the preparing of the drug; month by month, and year by year, the volume of the poison increases, its unclean stench ascends upwards, until heaven itself grows angry, and the very gods thereat get indignant! The space of a year and a half is granted, within the which, if any one bringing opium by mistake, shall voluntarily step forward and deliver it up, he shall be absolved from all consequences of his crime. This is the source from which your country has become known for its wealth. He requested an extension of five months for India and its adjacent harbors and related territories, and ten months for England proper, after which they would act in conformity with the new regulations. The kings of your honorable country by a tradition handed down from generation to generation have always been noted for their politeness and submissiveness.

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Lin Zexu

lin zexu letter to queen victoria

We trace the crime of those barbarians who through the years have been selling opium, then the deep harm they have wrought and the great profit they have usurped should fundamentally justify their execution according to law. The leader of the rebellion was Hong Xiuquan a Chinese religious leader. . Now with this communication and a clear understanding of the strict laws by the imperial kingdom, certainly you will not let your subjects to violate the law again. The goods from China carried away by your country not only supply your own consumption and use, but also can be divided up and sold to other countries, producing a triple profit. Had China sought only her own advantage, where would the foreigners' profit come from? China refused to modernize due to a lesser understanding of the Westerns.

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Lin Zexu – Letter to Queen Victoria, 1839

lin zexu letter to queen victoria

As time passes by, some of them stray in China for a longer period than they do in their own country. Many employers make the mistake of looking at corrective action as a black-and-white choice. I am sure that you will not do to others what you yourself do not desire. The reason why we unhesitantly allow foreigners to ship out such Chinese products as tea and silk is that we feel that wherever there is an advantage, it should be shared by all the people in the world. . For this, Heaven must support you and the spirits must bring you good fortune, prolonging your old age and extending your descendants. Since a foreigner who goes to England to trade has to obey the English law, how can an Englishman not obey the Chinese law when he is physically within China? We have heard heretofore that your honorable ruler is kind and benevolent.

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A Letter to Queen Victoria

lin zexu letter to queen victoria

Privately we are delighted with the way in which the honorable rulers of your country deeply understand the grand principles and are grateful for the Celestial grace. To digest clearly the legal penalties as an aid to instruction has been a valid principle in all ages. A once striving nation, was now under control of western powers, significantly Britain. By the early nineteenth century opium was the principal product that the English East India Company traded in China and opium addiction was becoming a widespread social problem. All merchandise is to be confiscated.

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Lin Zexu (LinTse

lin zexu letter to queen victoria

It is only necessary to explain to them the advantages and advantages and then they will know that the legal code of the Celestial Court must be absolutely obeyed with awe. Since a Chinese could not peddle or smoke opium if foreigners had not brought it to China, it is clear that the true culprits of a Chinese's death as a result of an opium conviction are the opium traders from foreign countries. Had China sought only her own advantage, where would the foreigners' profit come from? For this reason the Celestial Court in soothing those from afar has redoubled its polite and kind treatment. That is to say, the great profit made by barbarians is all taken from the rightful share of China. Does the havoc which he commits stop with a single life? For every government, past or present, one of its primary functions is to educate all the people living within its jurisdiction , f oreigners as well as its own citizens, about the law and to punish them i f they choose to violate it.

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