# Perfect or pure competition. Advantages and Disadvantages of Perfect Competition 2022-10-18

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The molar mass of butane is an important physical property that can be determined through laboratory experimentation. Butane is a hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C4H10, and is commonly used as a fuel for lighters, torches, and other portable heating devices. In this lab, we will explore the process of determining the molar mass of butane using the ideal gas law and a series of experimental measurements.

To begin the lab, we will need to gather a few materials. These include a sample of butane, a balance for weighing the sample, a graduated cylinder for measuring volume, and a thermometer for measuring temperature. It is also important to have a container with a known volume, such as a gas-collecting bottle or flask, as well as a pressure gauge to measure the pressure of the gas.

To determine the molar mass of butane, we will first need to measure the mass of the sample that we are using. This can be done by carefully weighing the butane on a balance and recording the mass in grams. Next, we will need to measure the volume of the butane gas. This can be done by filling a graduated cylinder with a known volume of water and then carefully adding the butane to the cylinder. The volume of the butane can be calculated by subtracting the initial volume of water from the final volume of the water and gas mixture.

Once we have measured the mass and volume of the butane sample, we can use the ideal gas law to calculate the molar mass. The ideal gas law states that the product of the pressure, volume, and temperature of a gas is equal to the number of moles of gas multiplied by the gas constant. This can be written as the equation: PV = nRT, where P is the pressure, V is the volume, T is the temperature, n is the number of moles, and R is the gas constant.

To use this equation to determine the molar mass of butane, we will need to measure the pressure, volume, and temperature of the gas. The pressure can be measured using a pressure gauge, and the temperature can be measured using a thermometer. Once we have these values, we can solve for the number of moles of butane using the equation: n = PV/RT. The molar mass of butane can then be calculated by dividing the mass of the sample by the number of moles.

In conclusion, the molar mass of butane can be determined through a series of experimental measurements and calculations using the ideal gas law. By accurately measuring the mass and volume of the butane sample, and the pressure and temperature of the gas, we can use the ideal gas law to calculate the number of moles of butane and ultimately the molar mass of the compound. This information is important for understanding the physical properties of butane and can be useful in a variety of applications, such as determining the energy content of butane as a fuel source.

## perfect competition

This is called the A simple proof assuming differentiable utility functions and production functions is the following. Edwin Mansfield, "Micro-Economics Theory and Applications, 3rd Edition", New York and London:W. Due to the presence of large number of sellers, the market price remains same throughout the market. A large number of producers forces all producers to offer products at an average price point. For instance, imperfect competition involves companies competing for market share, high barriers to entry, and buyers lacking complete information on a product or service. None of them had a dominant market share and the sites were mostly free.

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## Difference between perfect competition and pure competition

Increasing the Minimun Wage Can Be Effective, an example of monopolistic competition, describes a common market structure. For instance, almost anyone can sell products on eBay. This is because compared to real-life sales, the internet makes price comparison between sellers significantly easier. With so many sellers as well as buyers in such a market, supply and demand do not fluctuate significantly but stay relatively steady. These are d perfect knowledge of the buyers and sellers regarding the market conditions e perfect mobility of factors of production f absence of transport cost and g uniform price. This means that profit is calculated after the actors are compensated for their opportunity costs.

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## Perfect Competition: Characteristics, Examples, Features, and Benefits

For example, rice is sold at different prices by Food Corporation of India in Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. Why should it then think of lowering its price? In addition, entry and exit are easy with low costs. Their product is similar and none of them is in a position to influence the market price by his own individual action. This means that firms must expend significant amounts on capital investments like employees and infrastructure. It is most commonly found in industries with a high level of competition between producers and consumers.

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## Does Perfect Competition Exist in the Real World?

Monopoly has a few advantages as well as some disadvantages. Pure competition is a 'theoretical' market structure where all producers in the market offer consumers the same product at the same price with no true discernible differences in quality. This implies that organisations may either produce homogenous products, such as cement, asphalt, concrete and bricks, or differentiated products, such as an automobile. At this stage, the initial price the consumer must pay for the product is high, and the demand for, as well as the Profit can, however, occur in competitive and contestable markets in the short run, as firms jostle for market position. Monopolies are exemplified by the consumer goods market. In monopsony, the buyer exercises majority control over the purchase of a good or service, which gives him more power during negotiations. It is also possible that the market is very static due to a lack of price variation.

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## Perfect competition

Many other smaller schools of economic thought disagree that perfect competition is a useful model and question whether or notâ€”if it could be executed in real economic marketsâ€”it would provide positive economic outcomes for consumers and businesses. Essentially, all the sellers are equal. As it is well known, requirements for firm's cost-curve under perfect competition is for the slope to move upwards after a certain amount is produced. He can buy it as well from the one as from the other. ADVERTISEMENTS: Diagrammatic Representation: Under pure competition, the average revenue curve also called demand curve of a firm will be a horizontal straight line, which means that any firm can sell any quantity at the prevailing price. Of course, this theorem is considered irrelevant by economists who do not believe that general equilibrium theory correctly predicts the functioning of market economies; but it is given great importance by neoclassical economists and it is the theoretical reason given by them for combating monopolies and for antitrust legislation.

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## Advantages and Disadvantages of Perfect Competition

The above content published atCollaborative Research Groupis for informational purposes only and has been developed by referring to reliable sources and recommendations from experts. Imperfect Competition The concept of imperfect competition was first explained by an English economist, Joan Robinson. On the other hand, the increase in prices by an organisation will lead to loss of buyers. Theories surrounding comparison of perfect and imperfect competition come out of post-classical economic thought in the well-known, Characteristics of Perfect Competition 1. Some economists are highly critical of the neoclassical school's reliance on perfect competition.

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## Perfect/Pure Competition Flashcards

Under monopolistic competition, the seller can also charge higher prices because his customers are attached to him. When a monopoly exists, there is no restriction on entry transparency. In monopoly, there is no need to differentiate products because no close substitutes are available. In the long run, both demand and supply of a product will affect the equilibrium in perfect competition. Because of a competitive market, lower prices may be forced to stay competitive, decreasing profit margins for each sale.

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## Understanding Perfect vs. Imperfect Competition

Significant obstacles prevent perfect competition from actually emerging in the real economy. They can also be valued on the material of the product like diamonds or fur. In other words, the firm must sell at the equilibrium price;this is where the company sells when supply and demand align. As such, it is debated whether or not perfect competition should be used as a theoretical benchmark for real economic markets. That company offers a product to the market that has no substitute.

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