History of education in nigeria by fafunwa. [PDF] History of Education in Nigeria by A. Babs Fafunwa eBook 2022-10-04
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The history of education in Nigeria can be traced back to the pre-colonial period, when various forms of education were provided by traditional institutions such as the family, community, and religious organizations. In the early 20th century, education in Nigeria underwent significant changes with the introduction of Western-style education by the British colonial government.
Dr. Babatunde Fafunwa is considered one of the foremost experts on the history of education in Nigeria. He was a Nigerian educationist and scholar who made significant contributions to the development of education in Nigeria through his research and writings.
According to Fafunwa, education in Nigeria can be divided into three main periods: the pre-colonial period, the colonial period, and the post-colonial period.
In the pre-colonial period, education in Nigeria was largely informal and centered on the transmission of cultural and traditional values. Children were taught skills and knowledge by their parents and community members, and this education took place primarily in the home and community. In some cases, children were also taught by religious leaders in places of worship.
During the colonial period, the British introduced Western-style education to Nigeria. The first schools were established in the late 19th century and were primarily intended to educate the children of European officials and wealthy Nigerians. These schools followed the British curriculum and were taught in English.
The colonial government also established teacher training colleges to produce teachers for the growing number of schools in the country. However, education remained largely elitist and access to it was limited for the majority of Nigerians.
In the post-colonial period, the government of independent Nigeria made efforts to expand access to education and improve the quality of education. The government established the Universal Primary Education (UPE) program in 1976, which aimed to provide free and compulsory primary education for all children. However, the program faced challenges such as a lack of resources and trained teachers, and it struggled to achieve its goals.
In the 1980s, the government introduced the Universal Basic Education (UBE) program, which expanded on the UPE program and aimed to provide free, compulsory, and universal primary and secondary education for all Nigerians. The UBE program has had some successes, but it has also faced challenges such as inadequate funding and infrastructure, teacher shortages, and low levels of enrollment and retention.
Overall, the history of education in Nigeria has been marked by significant changes and challenges. While progress has been made in expanding access to education and improving the quality of education, more work needs to be done to ensure that all Nigerians have the opportunity to receive a quality education.
History of Education in Nigeria by A. Babs Fafunwa
In Nigeria, Islam pre-dated Christianity by well over 300 years. Educational Expansion 1930-1950 6. But these two important religions which have influenced Nigerian education in no small measure are of recent development compared with the indigenous system of education which is as old as Man himself in Africa. In Old African society the purpose of education was clear: functionalism was the main guiding principle. I have checked lots of online bookstores to get some good books, but none have ever made me feel this excited. The Beginning of Modern Education 1882-1929 5. At the end of each stage, demarcated either by age level or years of exposure, the child was given a practical test relevant to his experience and level of development and in terms of the job to be done.
Today, educators are beginning to talk about universities without walls, schools without classes, and subjects without grades. The aim, the content and the methods of traditional education are intricately interwoven; they are not divided into separate compartments as is the case with the Westernised system of education. Originally published in 1974, a comprehensive history of Nigerian Education, from early times right through to the time of publication, had long been needed by all concerned with Education in Nigeria, students, teachers and educational administrators. It is celebrated with fanfare and merriment. I love books and to find this site was one of the nicest things that ever happened to me.
[PDF] History of Education in Nigeria by A. Babs Fafunwa eBook
I've purchased numerous books and each time was delighted with the outcome. Irrespective of the level of education and training given during the pre-colonial days in Africa, it was functional because the curriculum was relevant to the needs of the society. It is this knowledge that Professor Fafunwa set out to provide, drawing on his wide experience as teacher writer and educationalist. He notices others around him and watches their activities. In Old Africa, the warrior, the hunter, the nobleman, the man of character or anyone who combined the latter feature with a specific skill was adjudged to be a well-educated and well-integrated citizen of his community. They were involved in practical farming, fishing, weaving, cooking, carving, knitting, and so on. Muslim Education in Nigeria: Past and Present 3.
The mother carries him on her back wherever she goes, tends him when sick, and puts him to bed. This research investigates the challenges and prospects of teaching and learning of Dramatic Arts in tertiary institutions in Nigeria and identifies such problems as apathy, lack of basic instructional and infrastructural facilities, inadequate funding by the government and non-inclusion of drama in the curricula of primary and post-primary schools as the major challenges impeding the effective teaching andlearning of the course. This is as it should be, particularly in Africa where only a handful constitutes the élite, and where if a stage is missed all other chances may be forfeited. Education in Old Africa was an integrated experience. No study of the history of education in Africa is complete without adequate knowledge of the traditional or irdigenous educational system prevalent in Africa before the arrival of Islam and Christianity. In certain ethnic groups each name has a special significance either in terms of a specific event, period or special circumstance surrounding the birth of the child.
History of Education in Nigeria by A. Babs Fafunwa, Hardcover
My order got to me in Lagos same day. I found what I needed easily and the prices can't be beaten and the books arrived in a timely manner. This closeness of the child to his mother from birth to the age of 5 or 6 is universal because it is the mother and not the family who rears the child at this early stage of his development. Keep up the great work. At this initial stage the child is more intimately involved with his mother than his father. Simply put, Sunshine is Sunshine.
. It was at this level that the secret of power real or imaginary , profound native philosophy, science and religion were mastered. All educational systems, whether traditional or Western-oriented, seek to achieve these goals irrespective of the curriculum, methods and organisation designed for the purpose. Unemployment, if it existed at all, was minimal and very few young men roamed the villages and towns. However, the goal of education and the method of approach may differ from place to place, nation to nation, and people to people. The characteristics of traditional education in Africa are aptly summarised by Abdou Moumouni in his book, Education in Africa: Because indigenous education failed to conform to the ways of the Westernised system, some less well-informed writers have considered it primitive, even savage and barbaric.
History of Education in Nigeria: By A. Baba Fafunwa
Recreational subjects included wrestling, dancing, drumming, acrobatic display, racing, etc. The baby is fed regularly, mostly through breast-feeding, and weaned at the appropriate time. A historical treatment of these three strands which have combined to make up the modern Educational system was vital to a clear understanding of what was needed for the future, and most of the first half of the book is concerned with these Educational beginnings. The education of the child in Nigerian society starts from infancy just as in any European, Asiatic or American society. As the child learns to walk all breakables are moved from his path, lest he stumbles on them or breaks them while playing.
The other order I placed came just a few days later. Every society, whether simple or complex, has its own system for training and educating its youth, and education for the good life has been one of the most persistent concerns of men throughout history. I have already recommended Sunshine Bookseller to several other people and will continue to do so. He learns his language from his mother and knows what it means when she smiles, frowns or weeps. It is even worse if one has never seen the inside of a formal school. Of course, practices differ from ethnic group to ethnic group. No one was better qualified than Professor Fafunwa to provide such a book, and in doing so he gave due emphasis to the beginnings of Education in its three main stages of indigenous, Muslim and Christian Education.
The imposing of a foreign colonial system on this framework did not always lead to a happy fusion of the systems, and the successes and the failures are examined in detail. . Education in Old Africa was not rigidly compartmentalised as is the case in the contemporary system. It combined physical training with character-building, and manual activity with intellectual training. I adore your newsletters and look forward to them and actually read them! All societies train their children in toileting, eating, socialisation and general behaviour. The Nigerian Educational System 8.
. Traditional African education must therefore be judged not by any extraneous consideration or some foreign yardstick but by its performance within a given social context. They send him on small errands, tell him stories, teach him obedience and respect for elders a very important aspect of African education , code of behaviour, history of the family or the ethnic group. Between the ages of 4 and 6 and sometimes earlier, in some families, the grandparents, uncles and aunts become involved in the education of the child. The Romans, on the other hand, placed emphasis on oratorical and military training. Today I bought 3 books that I wouldn't have otherwise. Children learnt by doing, that is to say, children and adolescents were engaged in participatory education through ceremonies, rituals, imitation, recitation and demonstration.