Article 15 of indian constitution. Article 15 of Indian Constitution in Hindi & English 2022-11-01
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King Tutankhamun, also known as King Tut, was the youngest pharaoh to rule ancient Egypt. He was only nine years old when he became Pharaoh, and he ruled for just over a decade before his death at the age of 19. Despite his young age, King Tut is one of the most well-known Pharaohs in history due to the discovery of his intact tomb in 1922 by Howard Carter.
King Tut's reign took place during a tumultuous time in ancient Egyptian history. He inherited the throne from his father, Akhenaten, who had attempted to institute a monotheistic religion in Egypt that focused on the worship of the sun god Aten. This radical religious reform was unpopular with many of the Egyptian people and was eventually abandoned by King Tut's advisors. King Tut himself is believed to have been more of a figurehead than an active ruler, with the real power being held by his advisors and officials.
Despite his short reign, King Tut is remembered for his role in the restoration of the traditional Egyptian religion and the return of the capital to Thebes. He also oversaw the construction of several major building projects, including the construction of a new temple at Karnak.
The discovery of King Tut's tomb in 1922 was a major event in the field of archaeology. The tomb was filled with a wealth of artifacts and treasures, including a solid gold coffin and a number of ornately decorated burial masks. These artifacts have provided historians with valuable insights into the life and culture of ancient Egypt.
In conclusion, King Tut was the youngest Pharaoh to rule ancient Egypt. Despite his youth, he played an important role in the restoration of traditional Egyptian religion and the construction of several major building projects. The discovery of his intact tomb has also made him one of the most well-known Pharaohs in history.
EXPLAIN OF ARTICLE 15 WITH THE Case laws on Various Provisions Of Article 15 of Constitution Of India:
Rights to equality Article 14-18 2. It also makes special provisions for women and Schedule castes. Â There has been provided with an all-inclusive and satisfactory test in this regard by Ronald Dworkin in his differentiation between the right to equal treatment and the right to be treated as an equal. Several laws have been passed over the years to protect the rights of people, but discrimination still occurs. Added by the 93rd Amendment to the Constitution in 2005 According to Article 15 3 , nothing in Article 15 prevents the state from taking specific measures for women and children.
Article 371B Special provisions for the state of Assam. Providing reservations will disturb the balance which will lead the deserving general candidates to lose their opportunity. Preamble and Repealed articles or parts are specially mentioned. Finish the entire syllabus of UPSC Prelims and Mains GS in 3 months: Join ClearIAS PCM Course ClearIAS Video Classes Recorded : The easiest way to cover the entire UPSC Prelims and Mains GS syllabus in the shortest time. State of Bombay AIR 1953 Bom 311 case, the Bombay High Court looked to the social, historic, and economic inequality of women and upheld the reservation of seats for women in municipalities as a special provision to raise the position of women to that of men. The Supreme Courts have received more than 20 petitions contesting the modification.
The court believes that Parliament should deal with these issues rationally. Ramu has no one in the family to guide him but even then he appeared in medical exams; whereas another boy Vicky, belonging to the upper class, has parents who are well qualified and have been in elite professions. Â The Supreme Court in State of AP v. So, for example, separate treatment on the basis of race, religion, or caste is not inherently unethical as long as respect or concern is shown to everyone regardless of race, religion, or caste. However, all of the provisions in Part III do not constitute a fundamental right. It is only the latter that prohibits the state from making discriminatory decisions, while the former requires the state to take appropriate steps to eliminate such discrimination.
Advertisements Article 15 Clauses That Offer Special Provisions Apart from the first two clauses Article 15 also has several other clauses that are quite different from the first two ones and offer special provisions. Fundamental Right is a part of the Polity section of the GA or General Studies syllabus. The court stated that all kinds of legislative differentiation are not discriminatory. Fundamental Rights are guaranteed to all persons by the constitution of India without any discrimination of caste, religion, sex etc. While Clause 1 prohibits discrimination by the State; clause 2 prohibits both the State and private individuals from making any discrimination. Originally the constitution provided 7 Fundamental Rights but as of now, there are just 6 Fundamental Rights in force.
CHAPTER VI : SUBORDINATE COURTS 233 Appointment of district judges. Article 371G Special provisions for the state of Mizoram. According to Thaawarchand Gehlot ex Union Social Justice and Empowerment Minister , similar state laws for reservation of economically weaker sections of the community were quashed by the courts, since the Constitution did not include the concept of economic reservation. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 1979 observes that discrimination against women violates the principles of equality of rights and respect for human dignity. Section 354 is contrary to Article 15 1. In this article, we are going to look out the Article 15 and focus on clause 3 of the Indian Constitution. Article 15 basically mandates the State not to do the discriminate among the citizens of India on the basis of caste, sex, religion, creed, and place of birth.
If other factors in addition to sex come into play in making the discriminatory law, then such discrimination does not, in my judgment, come within the provision of Article 15 of Indian constitution. As the protector of the oppressed and a barrier against discrimination, Article 15 has enabled Indian society to stand up straight and proudly in the face of extreme discrimination, racism, and rigid caste systems. It cannot be justified under Clause 4 of Article 15. These provisions include special maternity relief, employment opportunities for women, and education. Cases related Article 15 very important to understand Nainsuphdas vs. Caste and religion have been the major causes of discrimination in India for most of its history.
For what period does the Vice President of India hold office? Therefore, the appeal was dismissed. Further, the Court stated that in the event a backward class improves educationally and socially to such an extent that it no longer requires special aid from the state, the list of backward classes will automatically be updated. Article 15 is a facet of Art. Access to shops, public restaurants, hotels, and places of public entertainment. Now the question arises is that is it fair to provide so many advantages for just a small group of people while neglecting others? What happened was that a Brahmin girl named Champakam could not get admission in a college just because there was reservation for different classes.
What is Article 15 of the Indian Constitution? Important Features and Provisions
This 10% of reservations are independent of ceilings upon the already existing reservations. As a result, the court explicitly stated that art 15 5 does not infringe art 19 1. Clause 3 Of Article 15 The State may make any necessary special provisions for women and children without being restricted by anything in this article. People of lower castes like Dalits have been the target of unjust treatment in numerous instances. Article 15 5 and 15 6 were later amended and inscribed in the constitution, which are studied in the coming discussion.
Article 15 of Indian Constitution in Hindi & English
Bombay Education Society,AIR 1954 SC 461 Supreme Court of India. For example, reservation of seats and exemption of fees for certain educational institutions and examinations. Officers of Parliament 89 The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Council of States. State of Madhya Bharat,AIR 1955 SC 334 Supreme Court of India. Gender equality includes protection from sexual harassment, the right to work with· dignity, and the right to education which is a universally recognized basic human rights. Explanation of Article 15 of Constitution of India Article 15 of Indian Constitution provides for a particular application of the general principle embodied under Article 14. A law was enacted in this effect called Central Educational Institutions Reservation in Admission Act, 2006.
What is Article 15 of the Indian Constitution? Important Notes & Explanation
In addition, article 15 allows the state to establish educational institutions exclusively for women. On the basis of this provision, it has been determined that if a sector of the public seeks exclusive use of a public well, it must demonstrate that the well was devoted to the sole use of that section of the public rather than the general public. In the other provision, utility as stated in the Article dedicated to general public use is also covered. But what if there are laws which differentiate or prefer women over men, can it be called discrimination. In Air India v. Framework of Article 15 Art. Consequently, the Constitution One Hundred and Third Amendment Act, 2019 was passed and as a result, Article 15 was amended to include clause 6.