Zinn chapter 2. In Chapter 2, of A People's History of the United States, Zinn argues that racism isn't natural; it's artificial. It is said that racism comes about... 2022-10-16
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In Chapter 2 of Howard Zinn's "A People's History of the United States," the author delves into the history of the Native American people and the impact of European colonization on their lives and cultures.
Zinn begins by detailing the widespread misconception that the Americas were a "virgin land" waiting to be discovered and exploited by European colonists. In reality, the land was already inhabited by a diverse array of Native American cultures, each with its own unique language, customs, and way of life.
As the Europeans arrived, they brought with them diseases that decimated the indigenous population. The Spanish, in particular, were notorious for their brutal treatment of the Native Americans, enslaving and killing them in the pursuit of gold and other resources.
The English, however, presented themselves as more enlightened and benevolent colonizers, claiming to bring Christianity and civilization to the "savages." In reality, they were just as ruthless and exploitative as the other European powers, and their colonization efforts often resulted in the displacement and genocide of Native American communities.
Zinn argues that the treatment of the Native Americans by the Europeans was driven by a sense of superiority and a belief in the inherent superiority of European culture. This ideology, known as "manifest destiny," was used to justify the colonization and exploitation of the Native Americans and other indigenous peoples around the world.
Despite the atrocities committed against them, the Native American people have always resisted colonization and fought for their rights and dignity. From the Pueblo Revolt of 1680 to the Standing Rock protests of 2016, Native Americans have stood up against the forces that have sought to erase their cultures and ways of life.
In conclusion, Chapter 2 of "A People's History of the United States" is a poignant reminder of the ongoing struggles of the Native American people and the dark history of European colonization in the Americas. It serves as a call to acknowledge and confront the injustices of the past and work towards a more equitable future for all peoples.
After a trial full of lurid accusations by informers, and forced confessions, two white men and two white women were executed, eighteen slaves were hanged, and thirteen slaves were burned alive. But blacks were available in growing numbers, thanks to profit seeking dealers in human flesh. . In Virginia, settlers tried to force Indians to work for them, but the settlers failed because they were heavily outnumbered. So you killed the Indians, tortured them, burned their villages , burned their cornfields. . .
The voyage took three to four months and, during this time, the enslaved people mostly lay chained in rows on the floor of the hold or on shelves that ran around the inside of the ships' hulls. . The court ruled "that the said negro woman shall be whipt at the whipping post and the said Sweat shall tomorrow in the forenoon do public penance for his offense at James citychurch. After all, other colonies in the Americas were already doing it. A Virginia planter named William Byrd wrote in 1736 that if a bold slave leader arose, "a man of desperate fortune," he might start a war that would "tinge our rivers wide as they are with blood.
To me it is slavery with a different title and no more punishment. Even before the slave trade begun, the color black was distasteful. . As many as a third of all the Africans shipped overseas may have died during the journey. . There was a chance that the two groups might work together.
. When people came back after running away to the natives for shelter during the starving time, Smith punished them cruelly. To lead these rebellions, educated leaders led groups of rebellions with hate and opposition directed toward the British. Indeed, considering the harshness of punishment for running away, that so many blacks did run away must be a sign of a powerful rebelliousness. Europeans who traveled in Africa in the sixteenth century were impressed with the kingdoms of Timbuktu and Mali. They were then forced to work on plantations as a slave labor which existed as a legal institution in North America.
What is Zinn's main argument in Chapter 2 of A People's History of the United States?
. There were cases where slave women killed their masters, sometimes by poisoning them, sometimes by burning tobacco houses and homes. . One historical force that led to racism was the fact that Europeans became more technologically advanced than Africans. Even so, it was human beings who decided to make the laws that Zinn cites that prohibited blacks and whites from fraternizing with or marrying one another.
Blacks and whites were accused of conspiring together. But the presence of another human being is a powerful fact, and the conditions of that presence are crucial in determining whether an initial prejudice, against a mere color, divorced from humankind, is turned into brutality and hatred. Life of a indentured servant wasn't pleasant since they were beat, whipped, and raped. He convinced many people that the governor was wicked and that the laws and taxes were unjust and cruel--and by befriending many and giving them food and drink he was able to convince them to rebel. And if not, why not? And while the North American woods seemed strange and hostile to the settlers, the Indians were at home there. He gave us freedom without giving us any chance to live to ourselves and we still had to depend on the southern white manor work, food, and clothing , and he held us out of necessity and want in a state of servitude but little better then slavery.
Moreover, he rarely submitted completely. In Africa, tribal life was still powerful, and some of its better features—a communal spirit, more kindness in law and punishment—still existed. . Ultimately their resistance was controlled, and slavery was established for 3 million blacks in the South. .
In England, before 1600, it meant, according to the Oxford English Dictionary: "Deeply stained with dirt; soiled, dirty, foul. . . Maybe history can help answer these ques tions. The black Africans had already been treated as slaves by the Spaniards and the Dutch for about one hundred years, so there was a precedent for enslaving blacks. Zinn also asserts that the circumstances in Jamestown agitated in the direction of the rapid institutionalization of racism and race-based slavery.
The quote by W. She was a strange ship, indeed, by all accounts, a frightening ship, a ship of mystery. An Ashanti slave, nine cases out of ten, possibly became an adopted member of the family, and in time his descendants so merged and intermarried with the owner's kinsmen that only a few would know their origin. . But in no other way—except that cultures that are different are often taken as inferior, especially when such a judgment is practical and profitable. These slaves were psychologically traumatized and left in a state of fear and helplessness. .
Second, it was based on racial hatred, a view that saw whites as masters and blacks as slaves. It explains the United States provision of slavery and how some people were misled on who ended slavery, how it was Abraham Lincoln and not John brown who was hung later in 1859 for his crimes. . What happened in the first three years of the war? As a result, the "color line" and a severe form of racism developed in the United States. He will be as blunt as he can The Extent to Which Labor Unions Can Influence Human Resrouce Practices in Bahrain. In 1563, Ramusio, secretary to the rulers in Venice, wrote to the Italian merchants: "Let them go and do business with the King of Timbuktu and Mali and there is no doubt that they will be well-received there with their ships and their goods and treated well, and granted the favours that they ask.