Uncertainty reduction theory articles. Anxiety Uncertainty Management Theory Explained 2022-10-10
Uncertainty reduction theory articles
Uncertainty reduction theory, also known as information seeking theory, is a communication theory that explains how individuals attempt to reduce uncertainty in social situations. It was first proposed by Charles Berger and Richard Calabrese in 1975 and has since been widely studied in the fields of communication and psychology.
According to uncertainty reduction theory, individuals have a natural drive to reduce uncertainty in social situations. This drive is motivated by the desire to predict and control the outcomes of social interactions. In order to reduce uncertainty, individuals engage in various communication behaviors, such as asking questions, seeking information, and engaging in small talk.
One key concept in uncertainty reduction theory is initial uncertainty, which refers to the level of uncertainty that individuals experience when they first encounter a new person or situation. Initial uncertainty can be high in situations where there is a lack of information about the other person, such as when meeting someone for the first time. Initial uncertainty can also be high in situations where there is a lack of common ground, such as when interacting with someone from a different cultural background.
To reduce initial uncertainty, individuals may engage in various communication behaviors, such as asking questions, seeking information, and engaging in small talk. These behaviors serve to gather information about the other person and the situation, which helps individuals to better understand and predict the outcomes of social interactions.
Uncertainty reduction theory also proposes that there are four stages of uncertainty reduction: pre-encounter, encounter, experimentation, and resolution. During the pre-encounter stage, individuals gather information about the other person and the situation in order to reduce initial uncertainty. This may involve seeking out information about the other person through social media or asking mutual acquaintances for information.
During the encounter stage, individuals interact face-to-face with the other person and engage in communication behaviors designed to reduce uncertainty. This may involve asking questions, engaging in small talk, or seeking information about the other person's interests and beliefs.
During the experimentation stage, individuals test out different communication behaviors in order to gauge the other person's reactions and gather more information about them. This may involve trying out different topics of conversation or engaging in different types of activities.
Finally, during the resolution stage, individuals have reduced their uncertainty to a satisfactory level and can better predict and control the outcomes of social interactions.
Uncertainty reduction theory has been widely studied and has been found to have important implications for a variety of social situations, including communication in romantic relationships, friendships, and business interactions. It is a valuable tool for understanding how individuals seek to reduce uncertainty in social situations and how communication behaviors can impact the success of social interactions.
Uncertainty Reduction Theory & Examples
High levels of uncertainty cause increases in information seeking behavior. The relationships being studied are those, which take place over the Internet through e-mail Pratt, Wiseman, Cody, Wendt, 199, p. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 18 1 , 55— 69. Anxiety Uncertainty Management theory, often referred to as AUM, was initially introduced by William Gudykunst. Recently Walther argued that CMC should be considered interpersonal when users have time to exchange information and share values that provide a foundation for making impressions Pratt et al. Under AUM, there are four levels of communication that have points of focus. When you feel as if you are not sure if you want to take a new job or not, this is an example of uncertainty.
[PDF] Uncertainty Reduction Theory
Depending on the situation, they may use one of three strategies: passive, active or interactive. Social Penetration Theory Social penetration theory was developed by fellow psychologists Dalmas Taylor and Irwin Altman in their 1973 article Social Penetration: The Development of Interpersonal Relationships. They also suggested that the main way people reduce uncertainty during the initial interaction is via verbal and nonverbal communication strategies. Should you adjust how you behave around them? Some of the results that were presented in the article provided support or portions of URT, and some others did not. Her research focuses on spatial and processual informality, multi stakeholder processes for co-creation and governance and the impact of globalisation on cities in the Global South. Interviewees from governmental departments acknowledged that there was a lack of adequate land use management as a result of siloed mandates.
Uncertainty Reduction Theory
Policy Sciences, 4 2 , 155— 169. An axiom simply indicates an established and approved statement that is widely accepted as true. When spatial planners are forced to make decisions in the face of powerful or entrenched interests, continuously evolving values, means and norms, and incomplete and conflicting data during unexpected events, spatially relevant knowledge alone is insufficient for them to make decisions. . Boston, MA: Pearson Education Inc.
(PDF) Understanding Uncertainty Reduction Theory
Berger and Calabrese propose a series of axioms drawn from previous research and common sense to explain the connection between their central concept of uncertainty and seven key variables of relationship development: verbal communication, nonverbal warmth, information seeking, self-disclosure, reciprocity, similarity,. Both in the immediate response to the crisis and in the subsequent sustained engagement, the IAGs matched demands with the need to avoid duplication of services, and they spearheaded a decentralised way of addressing issues on the ground, as acknowledged by some interviewees. In the first study, the participants engaged in the initial interaction for a short time, then they completed measures of communication satisfaction and uncertainty. Featured Scholars Researching Uncertainty Reduction Theory and Interpersonal Communication Learn more about how influential scholars of interpersonal communication have studied Uncertainty Reduction Theory in order to better understand relationship building and information management, and get a preview into the impact of their scholarship by reading our featured scholar profiles below. They also emphasised the need for more topographic, contour, geological, and drainage mapping, along with advanced technology and trained personnel for better decision-making. Berger says that there are two different kinds of uncertainty that a person may face when they encounter their first meeting with someone.
Uncertainty reduction theory URT was originally created to explain the communication process that occurs when two strangers interact. We perceive this factor as having blurred boundaries between epistemic and ontic uncertainty at the organisational level. Charles Berger and Richard Calabrese believed that with the ability to predict and explain an encounter with a stranger, the uncertainties about a stranger will reduce. Environment and Urbanization, 29 2 , 349— 364. What's an axiom in math? This discordance had prevailed before the floods as a result of differences in mandates between domains, between organisations, and within organisations. Those initiatives were supported by local communities on a voluntary basis.
Anxiety Uncertainty Management Theory Explained
Uncertainty reduction theory focuses on how human communication is used to gain knowledge and create understanding. By engaging with Deb directly, you can relieve your uncertainty and be ready to hang out with her again in the future. Bounded Rationality Bounded rationality is a concept attributed to Herbert Simon, an economist and political scientist interested in decision-making and how we make decisions in the real world. It is our hope that a contextualised contingency planning approach in spatial planning will enable spatial planners and humanitarian actors to collaborate better through cross-sectoral dialogue and flexible and adaptive frameworks to deal with uncertainty caused by unexpected events. This article explores how long-term spatial planning and short-term humanitarian responses relate to three facets of uncertainty that are particularly relevant in developmental contexts, namely epistemic uncertainty, ontic uncertainty, and ambiguity. He holds a bachelor's degree in political science from DePaul University, and a Master of Arts in Communication and Media Studies from Texas State University. Filed Under: Tagged With: Primary Sidebar.
Uncertainty Management Theories
In addition, project coordinators from UNDP United Nations Development Programme , UNICEF and disaster relief NGOs were interviewed. Her research examines the links between uncertainty, resilience, adaptation, and contingency, and combines spatial planning, humanitarian action, decision-making and governance perspectives to understand temporal responses to environmental crises, shocks, and stresses in developmental contexts. Now, we have got a complete detailed explanation and answer for everyone, who is interested! The assumptions are that individuals feel uncertainty in interpersonal settings; uncertainty is an aversive state that produces cognitive stress; when individuals first meet their main concern is to reduce uncertainty or to increase predictability; interpersonal communication is a developmental process that happens in. The term is often used interchangeably with postulate, though the latter term is sometimes reserved for mathematical applications such as the postulates of Euclidean geometry. .
Uncertainty Reduction Theory
Whaley is currently the Director of Health Studies at the Outside the Realm of the Interpersonal While Uncertainty Reduction Theory largely pertains to interpersonal communicative contexts, the theory can also be applied to other situations as well. Project coordinators from national NGOs and UN organisations played a supportive role in offering technical and specialised assistance for community-based disaster risk reduction, participatory mapping, and documentation of spatial, social and economic vulnerabilities, as is evident in recent literature on resilient humanitarianism Hilhorst, Ontic Uncertainty in Wayanad Compared with the more developed districts of Kerala, Wayanad possesses few infrastructural facilities or service industries. As individuals reduce uncertainty in an initial encounter, they experience more satisfaction from the interaction than if the uncertainty remained at a high level. Norwegian Institute of International Affairs. First, the approach is positioned at the intersection between humanitarian action and planning, and it aims to bridge the temporal gaps between emergency response and long-term spatial planning by drawing on a plurality of perspectives and experiences of dealing with contingencies within humanitarian practice into spatial planning. This is called the passive strategy and is explained in detail below.