Discuss crime as a social problem. 8.4 Explaining Crime 2022-10-24
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Crime is a pervasive and complex social problem that affects individuals, communities, and society as a whole. It refers to any behavior that is prohibited by law and punishable by the state. Crime can take many forms, including physical violence, property crimes, white collar crimes, and cyber crimes.
At its core, crime is a violation of social norms and values. It disrupts the social order and can have serious consequences for both the victim and the offender. For the victim, crime can cause physical harm, emotional trauma, and financial loss. For the offender, crime can lead to punishment and stigmatization, as well as a cycle of involvement in the criminal justice system.
One of the main factors that contribute to crime is poverty. Studies have shown that individuals living in disadvantaged neighborhoods with high levels of poverty are more likely to commit crimes. This is often due to a lack of access to education, employment opportunities, and other resources that can provide a sense of purpose and stability. In addition, social isolation, discrimination, and a lack of social support can also contribute to criminal behavior.
Another factor that can contribute to crime is inequality. In societies where there is a significant gap between the haves and the have-nots, crime may be seen as a way to level the playing field or to acquire the resources and status that are otherwise out of reach. Inequalities based on race, gender, and other social identities can also play a role in the perpetration and victimization of crime.
Efforts to address crime as a social problem involve a range of strategies, including prevention, intervention, and rehabilitation. Prevention efforts aim to reduce the risk of crime by addressing its underlying causes, such as poverty, inequality, and social isolation. This can involve programs and policies that promote education, employment, and community building. Intervention efforts focus on interrupting the cycle of crime by providing support and resources to individuals at risk of becoming involved in criminal behavior. This can include programs that provide mentorship, counseling, and skills training. Rehabilitation efforts aim to help offenders reintegrate into society and reduce the likelihood of recidivism. This can involve programs that provide education, treatment, and support for offenders as they transition back into their communities.
Overall, crime is a complex and multifaceted social problem that requires a multifaceted response. Addressing the root causes of crime and providing support for both victims and offenders can help to create safer and more just communities.
Crime as a social problem Free Essays
For example, although most of the public, as we just noted, thinks the crime rate has been rising, this rate has actually been declining since the early 1990s. Sociologist view drug use as a learned behavior that people are socialized into. Haralambos and Holborn 2000 pg. We have read all different points of view from sociologists, and how they think crime and deviance occur. As should be evident, these risk factors are all related, as most children born to teenaged, single mothers live in poverty or near poverty, and many such children live in high-crime urban areas. Deviance is not all that different to crime.
Distinguish Between Crime as a Social and a Sociological Problem Free Essay Example
This shows that the change in the economy has made a lot more people turn to deviant behaviour as means to their ends Sociologically speaking crime is interesting only in so far as it provides a pretext for asking sociological questions. In addition, this section will focus on some key sociological aspects. If the police start recording more reports or fail to record even more reports, the official crime rate will rise or fall, respectively, even though the actual number of crimes has not changed. A greater percentage of crime stories also involve whites as victims than is actually true, and newspaper stories of white-victim crimes are longer than those of black-victim crimes. Folkways are minor norms while mores are more serious norms. For this paper, I chose to write about the Greyhound Bus beheading case.
Federal Bureau of Investigation. If you are at a bar and meet someone who interests you and then tell the person where you were for the previous five years, what are the chances that the conversation will continue? The second way education has an affect on crime is the principles that a school would teach to kids that could keep them from crime. Social policy In efforts to reduce crime, the government sets policies that work on the criminal justice. As far as crime is concerned, it is defined by the law. In addition, extreme poverty and economic deprivation is discussed in page 133. A greater percentage of crime stories involve people of color as offenders than is true in arrest statistics. These circumstances thus must be addressed to save these children from a life of crime.
My essay will examine and focus mainly on the genetic makeup of a person, the environment in which they are raised in and gender differences. Liberal perspective The liberal perspective views democracy and free enterprise as problematic, whereby most benefits only occur to a minority which in turn creates a massive gap in the level of income and wealth. So what factors deter or increase crime? There are different sanctions for a violation of them. Another aspect of crime is emergency e of conflict. Thus one study found that women robbers tend to rob other women and not to use a gun when they do so J. Anomie Theory Of Crime 1480 Words 6 Pages Crime can be dated back to many centuries ago in the history of the United States. These characteristics include poverty, dilapidation, population density, and population turnover.
What effects do genes have on criminal behaviour, why do peer pressure and habitat influence a person to commit crimes and are men really more violent than women? The general theory of crime and delinquency shares some of the strengths of social learning theory except this specific theory focuses on a bigger picture of what causes crime and is showed through what Agnew refers as life domains Akers 1998, 200; Agnew, 2005. Yet, if someone gains profit, someone else is losing it. Faced with bleak job prospects and a dearth of people who want to spend time with you, what are your alternatives? Functionalist View On Drug Use 246 Words 1 Pages A behavior that is considered criminal in everyday life is drug use, but it can be encouraged throughout different group settings. I feel this is where Canada really distinguishes itself from the U. There are different types of crime which involve big risks and small ones too. These include 1 at the individual level, certain types of preschool programs and social skills training programs; 2 at the family level, home visiting by trained professionals and parenting training programs; and 3 at the school and community levels, certain types of after-school and community-mentoring programs in which local adults spend time with children at risk for delinquency and other problems. Society today has seen various people and crimes have originated in the community around and spread to be crisis.
Although similar in most senses, social and sociological problems have completely different meanings. I am also bias when people say ' ' African Americans commit more crime than white people ' Police Brutality Paper Despite training provided to the police, it is very common that officers abuse their power or act on unjust assumptions and are not appropriately held accountable for their actions during the aftermath Political Lies About Police Brutality 2015. They are afraid the police are here to hurt them and not help them. The life expectancy has increased and many diseases have been controlled. Individualism and Collectivism in America: The Case of Gun Ownership and Attitudes Toward Gun Control. As more of a direct effect, it is explained how the underclass endures a constant cycle of disadvantage which leads them to commit crimes out of frustration, anger, or economic need.
Crimes in which African Americans are the offenders and whites are the victims also receive disproportionate media coverage even though most crimes involve offenders and victims of the same race. If we want to be able to reduce crime, we must first understand why it occurs. They are considered opposite from the mainstream culture because of their uniqueness. In the case of crime, the liberal support use of tax dollars since most offenders come from disadvantaged situations related to social structure and not individual choice response to crime. Further, biological and psychological explanations cannot adequately explain the social patterning of crime discussed earlier: why higher crime rates are associated with certain locations and social backgrounds. Although most of these children in fact will not suffer this fate, many of their peers will experience these outcomes.
So, their lessons about crime and law are to be learned, but these lessons will only matter if we address the systematic oppressions that exist within our society. Two-thirds of the public said in a 2011 Gallup poll that crime had risen from the previous year. With that being said, it is also unfair that the Police who are doing their job risking their life for us every day, get criticized due to the poor decisions of other officers. In a third problem, if crime victims become more or less likely to report their crimes to the police e. An increasing number of studies are finding that religious involvement seemingly helps keep adolescents from using alcohol and other drugs see Derek Key — Suppose, for example, that you were just released from prison after serving a five-year term for armed robbery. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 47 1 , 3—30.