Technical rationality. Full article: Political rationality vs. technical rationality in China's target 2022-10-16
Technical rationality Rating:
Technical rationality is a concept that refers to the use of logical, systematic, and empirical methods to solve problems and make decisions. It is a way of approaching problems and decision-making that is characterized by a focus on efficiency, effectiveness, and the use of scientific and technological tools and techniques. Technical rationality is often contrasted with other forms of rationality, such as political, ethical, or social rationality, which may prioritize different values and considerations.
The use of technical rationality is prevalent in many areas of modern life, including science, engineering, and business. In these fields, technical rationality is often seen as a key tool for solving problems and achieving goals. For example, in science, technical rationality is used to design experiments and gather data in order to test hypotheses and theories. In engineering, it is used to design and build efficient and effective systems and structures. In business, it is used to analyze data and make informed decisions about operations and strategies.
Technical rationality is often associated with the work of the German sociologist Max Weber, who argued that modern societies are characterized by the increasing dominance of technical rationality in various spheres of life. Weber argued that the rise of technical rationality was driven by the need to increase efficiency and productivity, and that it had the effect of undermining traditional values and practices.
There are several advantages to using technical rationality in decision-making and problem-solving. One of the main benefits is that it allows for the systematic analysis and evaluation of different options, which can lead to more informed and effective decisions. Technical rationality also allows for the use of objective data and evidence in decision-making, rather than relying on subjective or emotional factors. This can help to reduce bias and increase objectivity.
However, technical rationality is not without its limitations. One concern is that it can sometimes lead to a narrow focus on technical solutions, which may ignore other important considerations, such as ethical, social, or environmental impacts. Technical rationality can also be limited by the availability of data and information, and may not always be able to account for unpredictable or complex situations.
In conclusion, technical rationality is a useful approach to problem-solving and decision-making that is characterized by a focus on efficiency, effectiveness, and the use of scientific and technological tools and techniques. While it has many advantages, it is important to recognize its limitations and to consider other forms of rationality, such as ethical or social rationality, in order to make more well-rounded and holistic decisions.
Technical Rationality & Reflection In Action
In 2008 alone, 65 localities were vetoed or received serious warnings. This set-up, in conjunction with the high-powered incentives for target accomplishment, makes the TRS an effective tool for compelling local officials to adjust their policy priorities and allocate fiscal resources in line with the preferences of the Chinese reformers Over the past three decades, a notable phenomenon is that when new socioeconomic problems intensified, the Chinese reformers developed a set of new performance targets and prioritized these targets in the evaluation of local governments as a means of guiding local policy implementation. A failure to meet required targets implies that the local leadership corps are poor governors, and this may result in severe penalties, such as fines, demotion, transfer to a less attractive position or even removal from responsible leadership posts. This primary source material is supplemented with information collected from such secondary sources as government statistical reports, newspapers, and other relevant research. The sector also has a significant number of employees who need clear specification on their duties and limitations. Petitioning ranking of the State Bureau of Letters and Visits has ceased for several months, not sure whether it will be cancelled permanently. But this is only the beginning.
. The survey questionnaire is designed and administered by the Provincial Bureau of Statistics on behalf of the Provincial Commission for Maintaining Comprehensive Social Order. Almost half of these relate to social stability. Several phenomena are noteworthy. It was argued that neither of these positions captures adequately the process of technological change Kimble and McLoughlin, 1995. Between separate stoves and a single menu: Fiscal decentralization in China. This society is driven to increase production by fear of the Enemy, which causes the state to exist constantly as a "defense society.
The system also combines clearly defined targets with high-powered incentives, which have proven to be effective in inducing local officials to comply with policy orders from above. Therefore, examining the politics behind the implementation of performance measurement systems will yield important insights into the purposes, designs, and outcomes of those systems. However, because the goal is to continue to reduce work-related fatalities yearly, the targets became more and more difficult to achieve year by year, until in 2010, Zhouzhi County was assigned a limit of one person, which was impossible to further distribute among its 22 townships. . Under this system, local governments are assigned a variety of performance targets that are aligned with the party-state's most crucial policy objectives. Democracy may only be achieved when the individual is liberated from the manipulation of his conscious. Sixteen local leaders and 115 police and judicial officers were penalized accordingly 3 Outcomes The distinct design of the TRS makes it a sensitive tool to strengthen the party-state's capacity of policy implementation at local levels.
Full article: Political rationality vs. technical rationality in China's target
If applied science consists of cumulative, empirical knowledge about the means best suited to chosen ends, how can a profession ground itself in science when its ends are confused or unstable? Since then, the State Bureau for Letters and Visits has been ranking the performance of each province, city, and district on controlling the numbers of nonstandard petitions and petitioners in a league table every month. Some studies have made such an attempt from two perspectives: first, they examine how politics i. In one case, a township was assigned 34 performance targets in 2010 related to economic development, social development, people's lives, resources and environment, social stability, and party building. In order to ensure the accomplishment of these tasks, Zhouzhi County required that all of its subordinate organizations and townships limit the number of petitioners and collective petitions to zero 2. Performance measurement as a political discipline mechanism. Regimes of truth are embedded in power relations and evolve through in discourse among constituents of a sociotechnical constituency. .
The Developing Process of Technological Rationality and Its Humanistic Relation
Counting cadres: A comparative view of the size of China's public employment. Ultimately, the conception of technological rationality and Marcuse's book One-Dimensional Man fell out of favor with the left in the 1990s. The government, the public, and healthcare sectors are the main parties concerned with the duties of healthcare administrators. Neither technical reason nor the socially constructed realities of individuals are given primacy. In response to these allegations Marcuse provocatively appropriates this terminology. To explore these issues, this paper adopts a case study approach.
. Governing by goals and numbers: A case study in the use of performance measurement to build state capacity. . In a sense, instrumental rationality takes priority, because the point of forming true beliefs is to help you achieve your goals, and sometimes spending too much time on epistemic rationality is not instrumentally rational. Technical rationality is a linear approach purporting that the majority of professional knowledge produces one's cognition of professions and the application of professional activity within the area of research, education, and practice. Of that total, Shaanxi Province was allotted a limit of 2714 people. » Regimes of Truth » Care of the self » Problematization » Aesthetics of Existence.
Marcuse, deriving from Marx, thus understands that technology as the totality of fixed capital , must be situated within a particular ideological framework. You will find the cognitive science of rationality described in every university textbook on thinking and decision making. The cost, though undesirable and unintended, is tolerable, and preferable to losing control over policy implementation in local regions. Technical Rationality There are two parts to technical rationality: normative and descriptive. .
Data distortion pinpoints the weaknesses of the Chinese bureaucracy in information collection, a decade-long tricky issue. Therefore, technical rationality is concerned with establishment of technicality in a profession while reflection in action is concerned with the application of the acquired knowledge. This number increased to 90,000 in 2006, 124,000 in 2008 and 280,000 in 2009. Logic and probability theory describe how you should reason if you want to maximize your chances of acquiring true beliefs. Petitioning Beijing: The high tide of 2003—2006. Lower-level governments and agencies are evaluated based on how well they accomplish these tasks on an annual basis, and their performance is ranked in a league table in the year-end evaluation 2. Three factors contributed to the choice of this policy area: first, maintaining social stability has been the Chinese government's most pressing political concern for the past decade and therefore has been given top priority on the national policy agenda.