Key concepts of organizational behavior. Concept and Significance of Organization Behavior 2022-10-13
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Organizational behavior is the study of how people behave within organizations and how organizations can effectively manage and influence this behavior. There are several key concepts that are central to understanding organizational behavior, including motivation, communication, leadership, group dynamics, and organizational culture.
One of the key concepts of organizational behavior is motivation. Motivation refers to the psychological forces that drive individuals to take action and achieve their goals. It is an important factor in determining an individual's level of effort and performance. There are several theories of motivation that have been developed to explain why people behave the way they do, including Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Herzberg's two-factor theory, and Expectancy theory.
Effective communication is another important concept in organizational behavior. Communication refers to the exchange of information and ideas between individuals or groups. It is a crucial aspect of organizational life, as it allows people to coordinate their actions and work towards a common goal. Effective communication involves the use of clear, concise language, as well as the ability to listen and understand the perspectives of others.
Leadership is another key concept in organizational behavior. Leadership refers to the ability to influence and guide others towards achieving a common goal. There are several different leadership styles, including autocratic, democratic, and transformational. Each style has its own strengths and limitations, and the most effective leaders are able to adapt their style to suit the needs of the situation and the individuals they are leading.
Group dynamics is another important concept in organizational behavior. Group dynamics refers to the way that groups interact and function within an organization. Group dynamics can have a significant impact on an organization's performance and effectiveness, as group members influence and are influenced by one another. Understanding group dynamics can help organizations foster a positive and productive work environment.
Finally, organizational culture is an important concept in organizational behavior. Organizational culture refers to the values, beliefs, and behaviors that are shared by the members of an organization. It is the underlying social norms that shape the way that people think and act within an organization. Understanding and shaping organizational culture can have a significant impact on an organization's performance and success.
In summary, organizational behavior is the study of how people behave within organizations and how organizations can effectively manage and influence this behavior. Key concepts in this field include motivation, communication, leadership, group dynamics, and organizational culture. Understanding these concepts can help organizations effectively manage and influence the behavior of their employees and achieve success.
Concept and Significance of Organization Behavior
The statement, therefore, presents a comprehensive definition of the OB concept incorporating the key constructs: behaviors, organization, and performance. The study of organizational behaviour gives insight on how employees behave and perform in the workplace. Empowerment gives the employee a sense of belonging and he is able to do his work with involvement. As mentioned earlier, OB is concerned with how people behave within an organization and how their behavior influences organizational performance Foerster-Metz et al. Lastly, the corporate structure includes system designs through which the teams are coordinated and interactions governed within the firm. Models of Organizational Behavior Examples Each of the above theories might have a different explanation or response to situations at work. This helps in employee commitment as well as maintains organizational citizenship behavior.
What makes up the subject area of OB? Brah 1996 has brought our attention to the study of? Lim, MBA 2nd Trimester 2015-2016, HBO-3 Keywords: Contemporary, Fields, Concept of Organizational Behaviour Organizational Behaviour can be expressed as an interdisciplinary field of study as it put together the facts from a variety of relevant fields. A vision in itself is not enough if not made known to the right people. The clean design provides readers with open page layouts and a professional appearance. Journal of EU Research in Business, 2018, 340873. A manager has four principal functions or duties of management.
The informal system, on the other hand, develops naturally and spontaneously due to such factors as friendship, language, personal likes and dislikes of individuals. The concept was introduced in 1966 by Jim Naylor and George Briggs when they published Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. Innovative businesses, therefore, need to build infrastructure which allows them to make the most of organizational knowledge and learning. The second level is groups, which involves social psychology and sociological insights into human interaction and group dynamics. For example, intrinsic motivation can refer to areas such as self-esteem and self-actualization. In an organization, structure refers to the roles and relationships between different individuals.
Why is organizational theory important? Management Revue, 15 4 410-420. The management dwells on developing employee capabilities through knowledge acquisition and sharing which reflect on positive behavioral changes and productivity. New forms of organization and new technologies resulted in new manufacturing techniques and increased mechanization. Each area of research has specific recommended actions like changing the methods of performance evaluation, modifying compensation structures or reorganizing work groups. Lastly, intimate and friendly relations between the managers and laborers should be established Paramboor et al. Further, theories of human motivation led to management theories X and Y, which postulate that the assumptions that management makes about their staff impacts motivation and behavior. An employee must be able to fully involve himself in the work he does for best results.
However, now she is facing decreased employee productivity and performance. This is a dummy description. In the OB context, the systems concept will focus on employee behaviors as part of the organizational success factors. It is directly linked with control, prediction and understanding of human behavior in an organization. While one employee may welcome a particular policy of the organization, another may oppose it on the ground that it is detrimental to the interests of the employees. The site will include student and instructor resources including an interactive student study guide, cases, interactive self-assessments, Web links and exercises, The Fast Company selection, Career Advancement Portfolio, PowerPoint files, supplement downloads, and more. Schermerhorn, Hunt and Osborne 2005 stated that an organizational culture is "the system of shared actions, values, and beliefs that develops within an organization and guides the behavior of its members" print version 582.
10 Key Characteristics, Definition And Types Of Organizational Behavior
It enables in defining how people behave while performing their work under various conditions within organization. Even modern organizations need direction because innovation processes cannot go unchecked. By the 1960s, Abraham Maslow's theories began to dominate research about management. People of a diaspora typically preserve and celebrate the culture and traditions of their homeland. Since companies are now growing into a more global organization, the need for proper communication is necessary for managers in order for the organization. Technology is necessary depending on the type of work and the scale of operations.
Basic Attributes of Organizations. Organizational Behavior Theories Organizational behavior theories play an important role in management. At its core, organizational behavior analyzes the effect of social and environmental factors that affect the way employees or teams work. In contrast, modern structures are characterized by the absence of boundaries. According to Laihonen and Huhtamäki 2020 , knowledge is regarded as the most strategically significant resource that a company can have.
What is Organizational Behavior? Definition, Objectives and Fundamentals
When we review topics covered like personality and motivation we review studies from the field of organizational psychology. D R BA 2700 Organizational Behavior Instructor: Crystal Kenefic, MBA February 8, 2011 Concepts of Organizational Behavior Business is business, but how you operate your business is the key to success. The author also acknowledges that through these varied meanings, diasporas have some common elements? To continue with the productive performances, the employees pursue those needs higher up in the hierarchy. Scientific Management Theory Scientific management is a classical theory proposed by philosophers such as Frederick Taylor. After understanding both the terms properly efforts are made to develop better compatibility between these 2 terms.
From a managerial perspective, the theory is used to inspire the employees to achieve the highest possible productivity. It will help in developing better employee and employer relations. The traditional and modern forms of organizational structures differ significantly from the traditional models built on hierarchies while the modern ones are boundary-less and founded on concepts such as agility. Once they get to know about their peoples, organisations can easily influence and motivating them towards achievement of goals. High Performance Job Designs.