Cotton production in india. Cotton Corporation of India 2022-10-07
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Cotton production is a major contributor to India's economy and plays a significant role in the country's agricultural sector. India is one of the largest producers and exporters of cotton in the world, with the majority of production concentrated in the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh.
The history of cotton production in India dates back to ancient times, with the country being one of the earliest centers of cotton cultivation and trade. Today, India is home to a wide variety of cotton cultivars, including both indigenous and hybrid varieties, which are grown under diverse climatic and soil conditions.
Cotton production in India is primarily rainfed, with only a small percentage of production being irrigated. The country has a long growing season, with the main cotton-growing regions receiving sufficient rainfall during the monsoon season. In recent years, the adoption of modern irrigation techniques, such as drip irrigation, has helped to improve the efficiency of water usage in cotton production and reduce the reliance on monsoon rains.
One of the major challenges facing cotton production in India is the issue of pest and disease management. Cotton plants are prone to attack by a range of insects and fungi, which can significantly reduce yields and quality. To address this issue, farmers in India commonly use a combination of chemical pesticides and biological control methods, such as the use of natural predators to control pests.
In addition to pest and disease management, the use of genetically modified (GM) cotton has become increasingly common in India in recent years. GM cotton varieties have been developed to be resistant to certain pests and diseases, which has helped to improve yields and reduce the need for chemical pesticides. However, the use of GM cotton remains controversial, with some people expressing concerns about the potential risks and impacts on the environment.
Despite the challenges, cotton production in India remains a vital part of the country's economy, providing employment and income for millions of people. In recent years, the government has implemented a range of policies and programs aimed at supporting the cotton sector, including initiatives to improve the availability of quality seeds, promote the use of modern technologies, and provide financial support to farmers.
In conclusion, cotton production is an important economic activity in India, with the country being one of the largest producers and exporters of cotton in the world. While there are challenges facing the sector, such as the need to effectively manage pests and diseases and the controversy surrounding the use of GM cotton, the government is taking steps to support the cotton industry and help it continue to thrive.
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ADVERTISEMENTS: i Mumbai enjoys humid climate which is helpful for this industry because thread does not break so frequently. The First World War, the Swadeshi Movement and the grant of fiscal protection favoured the growth of this industry at a rapid pace. Retrieved 22 September 2012. Medium Staple Cotton The fiber length of medium staple cotton ranges from 20 mm to 24 mm. Other centers were Surat, Kalyan, Thane, Vadodara, Bharuch, and Pune.
Production costs should be high but the advantage of lower wages is offset by the comparatively greater disadvantage in raw materials and outdated machinery. Sick Mills: The above factors acting singly or in association with one another have resulted in many sick mills. With the increase in domestic production of superior quality cotton, our imports have come down considerably, resulting in saving of the foreign exchange. Bengal Industries and the British Industrial Revolution 1757—1857. The private sector was encouraged to set up units and enhance the overall production. Humidity encourages pests and fungi.
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With this process, the cotton crops are ready to be harvested. Moist weather and heavy rainfall at the time of boll-opening and picking are detrimental to cotton as the plant becomes vulnerable to pests and diseases. Cotton grows over 11. The production of cloth as well as generation of employment has been rapidly increasing in powerloom sector. Until colonial times, the yarn for handloom weaving in India had been spun by hand. It is also one of the largest industries in terms of employment, production, and exports.
Situated in the tropics and sub-tropics the country enjoys a warm climate and cotton cloth is in use for the whole year in the peninsula and for most of the year in the Great Plains. Vellalore, Ramanathapuram, Coimbatore, Salem and Madurai, Tiruchirapalli are cotton-producing districts in TamilNadu. Since picking of cotton is not yet mechanized, a lot of cheap and efficient labour is required at this time. The largest cotton-producing regions of Maharashtra are Yavatamal, Vidarbha, Khandesh, Marathwada, Akola, Wardha, and Amravati. It took almost 23 years for the Government to realise this and introduce legislation for encouraging the organised sector.
Kiva, the Journal of Southwest Anthropology and History. They provided free land and capital. It is used for making fine and superior quality cloth. Johns Hopkins University Press. Madhya Pradesh 98 4. The major regions are Fatehabad, Sirsa, Hisar, Bhiwani, Jhajjar, Charkhi Dadri, Faridabad, Mewat, Palwal, Panipat, Karnal, Gurugram, Rohtak, Jind, and Kaithal.
They are concentrated in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal and Karnataka. Based on the strength, length, and structure of its fiber. Almost 44% of total Kapas production is a medium staple. A medium staple is the second most used fiber in India, it provides good quality clothes. Long-staple cotton is the most commonly used cotton in India and has a low Kapas price. After 8-10 weeks, the plant blooms and grows 2-5 feet tall. Inventing the Cotton Gin: Machine and Myth in Antebellum America.
Almost 65 per cent of the area under cotton is rainfed with erratic and poorly distributed rains during the cropping season. Under such circumstances, India faced a severe crisis of obtaining raw cotton. Gwalior, Ujjain, Indore, Dewas, Ratlam, Jabalpur, Bhopal, etc. At the same time, markets are becoming saturated with look-alike products from factory-style mass production, and there are more customers for the individualised products dispersed production can offer. England would topple headlong and carry the whole civilized world with her save the South. Cotton yarn, cloth and readymade garments form important items of Indian exports.
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Mokhtar 1 January 1981. Sources such as Marco Polo, who traveled India in the 13th century, Chinese travelers, who traveled Buddhist pilgrim centers earlier, Vasco Da Gama, who entered Calicut in 1498, and Tavernier, who visited India in the 17th century, have praised the superiority of Indian fabrics. The machines needed a uniform kind of cotton, so the hundreds of varieties of Indian cotton which had been bred over centuriesnow had to become uniform. Abundant cheap labour is available due to backward economy of the masses. The significance of raw cotton is evident from the fact that 80 per cent of the industry is coterminous with the cotton growing tracts of the country. The labour cost factor played a crucial role in establishing this industry at Madurai, Turunelveli, and Coimbatore.
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Retrieved 14 June 2011. ADVERTISEMENTS: Some of them have just one loom. He was speaking at the All India Meet on Cotton Trade organised by the Khandesh Gin Press Association, Jalgaon. A Frayed History: The Journey of Cotton in India. Besides, more energy efficient technologies need to be evolved to sort out this problem.