What is the meaning of state in political science. The City 2022-10-30
What is the meaning of state in political science
In political science, the concept of the state refers to a political entity that holds a monopoly on the legitimate use of force within a defined territory. This includes both the institutions and mechanisms through which a state exercises power, as well as the social, economic, and cultural factors that shape the state's behavior and decision-making processes.
The modern state is typically characterized by a number of key features, including a centralized government, a written constitution, and a system of laws and institutions that regulate the relationships between individuals and groups within society. The state is also responsible for providing a range of public goods and services, such as education, healthcare, and infrastructure, which are essential for the well-being and development of its citizens.
The concept of the state is often contrasted with that of society, which refers to the collective group of individuals and organizations that make up a particular community. While the state is a political entity that wields power and authority, society is a social entity that is shaped by cultural, economic, and political forces.
In political science, the state is seen as an important actor in shaping the course of political, economic, and social developments within a given territory. It is through the actions and policies of the state that the rights and responsibilities of citizens are defined and protected, and it is the state that is responsible for ensuring the security and stability of the society it governs.
However, the meaning and role of the state can vary significantly across different political systems and historical periods. In some cases, the state may be a relatively weak or decentralized entity, with limited capacity to shape the lives of its citizens. In other cases, the state may be highly centralized and powerful, exerting a strong influence on all aspects of social, economic, and political life.
Regardless of its specific form and functions, the concept of the state remains an important focus of study in political science, as it helps to shed light on the complex relationships between power, authority, and the governed. By examining the state and its various roles and functions, political scientists can better understand the dynamics of politics and society, and the ways in which different systems of governance shape the lives and opportunities of citizens.
What is Political Science? Meaning, Nature, and Modern Approaches
Bernier; Carole Clavier 1 March 2011. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. American Journal of Sociology. They fall easy prey to bigger States, which are usually aggressive, and history is full of examples of many a naked aggression. This is specifically relevant to any Third World state where the selection of social choice or an ideology poses greatest problem. This is called the government. The magistrates, however, had, for the most part, little power.
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page. State, space, world: selected essays. An independent and impartial judiciary is an essential feature of a democratic setup. Apparently it may seem that all these have no link with the authority and functions of state but, in close scrutiny, it will be found that these are activities against the state. This process chose magistrates by a lot less a matter of chance than it might at first appear to be. What are the Problems: We have noted that the removal of inequality is the most potential way of attaining the rights, liberty and equality and for this nationalisation of the sources of production can substantially help.
Elements of state in political science
Territory is necessary for citizenship. What can you expect to learn from a degree in political science? New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006. It continues to remain for the sake of good life. The Journal of Ayn Rand Studies. It means politics and invites numerous controversies. Government is merely an essential instrument or contrivance of the State through which its authority is manifested and purpose realized. Power Approach Recently, the idea of power has become very important in the realm of political theory.
Political Science : The State And Its Elements
They believed in action-oriented research related to social conditions. The United States Supreme Court in an early case defined a state as a body of free persons united together for the common benefit, to enjoy peaceably what is their own, and to do justice to others. Anti-State Movements : The problem of the state is aggravated by the uprisings that are taking place in various parts of the globe. The better opinion, however, is that while the papacy was treated somewhat as if it were an international person, it was not such in fact and that it was still less a state according to All doubt as to whether the papacy was a state was removed, however, in 1929 by the conclusion of a treaty by which Italy recognized the By an express declaration, however, the Holy See announced its intention of remaining aloof from all temporal disputes between nations and refraining from participation in international congresses convoked for the settlement of such disputes, except Upon special appeal from the contending parties. Retrieved 30 January 2021. Fortunately, the historian Thucydides has stated, in a passage of incomparable brilliance, this meaning which democracy had for thoughtful Athenians. Our central point is we do not conceal our love for freedom and, at the same time; we invite the state to take more and more responsibilities to ensure social services so that weaker sections of the society can get benefit.
Creation of Democratic Values 7. Should it have absolute coercive power? Before the collapse of the former USSR in 1991, there were two power blocs in the international society and that assisted the maintenance of power balance. University of Chicago Press. Finally, there was the body of citizens or those who were members of the city and entitled to participate in its political life. State and Government: Government is often used with the 'state' as synonym. The Romans employed the term civitas which connoted the same idea But they also employed the phrases status rei publicae and res publica, which implied not merely the idea of citizenship of a city but the notion of the public welfare.
Essential Elements of State
The Routledge international handbook of critical education. The former is also called laissez-faire advocates. In India, the problem is to check the ever-growing population due to the wide disequilibrium between the populations and the available means of production. Moreover, these were the ten generals chosen by direct election and were eligible for repeated re-elections. The State is a natural institution. The state is sovereign in its territory also referred to as jurisdiction and has the authority to enforce a system of rules over the people living inside it. The problem is the terrorist activities destabilise the normal and stable political situation of a state.
What Is State In Political Science?
The State as a Concept of International Law :- The state as to often defined by writers on political science and constitutional law is not necessarily a state in the sense in which the term is used in the literature of international Thus writers who do not consider sovereignty as an essential constituent element of the state regard members of federal unions, protect Orates, so-called vassal states under the suzerainty of other states, states under mandates, and autonomous dependencies like the British self governing dominions, as states, although they are not fully such in the eye of international law. For tyranny means just the application of unlawful force: even though it be beneficent in its aims and results, it is still bad because it destroys self-government. Functions of Judiciary: 1. Allgemeine Staatslehre, Politikwissenschaft 16thed. But in the first half of the nineteenth century the maladies of non-intervention of state in economy came to be so prominent that even the staunch advocates of laissez-faire began to suspect its efficacy in ensuring more employment and reducing economic inequalities. The citizens claim rights for the realisation of their inherent qualities and the state is both morally and legally bound to meet those rights. Whatever the social choice the state adopts that will create controversy and, later on, problems.
Meaning and Definition of State
To Holland,the state is 'a numerous assemblage of human beings generally occupying a certain territory amongst whom the will of the majority or class is made to privail against any of their number who oppose it. Some writers ignore territory as an element of the State. If the author is a sociologist, like Oppenheimer or a philosopher like Hegel, or an economist, or a behaviourist, or a lawyer, his peculiar prepossessions may lead him either to distort the reality by emphasising some actual characteristics of the State and ignoring the rest, or to free himself altogether from reality and picture the State as he thinks it ought to be. Rules of law are established and in crime measure maintained, and compulsion is exercised, and the right to it is recognized both by the members of the group and by the outside world. Annual Review of Sociology. Political Geography: World Economy, Nation-State, and Locality 5thed.
The Nature of the State
The union council of ministers led by the Prime Minister of India is the real executive. Any system or social choice will produce good results if it is implemented with seriousness and worked out painstakingly. Diversity in the power elite: how it happened, why it matters 2nded. Powers of the government are derived from the state. A state also called a nation or country is an area with defined boundaries organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has control over its internal and foreign affairs.
Definition of the “State” in Political Science
Conclusion :- If one more definition may be added to this long list I would say that the state, as a concept of political science and public law, is a community of persons more or less numerous permanently occupying a definite portion of territory, in dependent, or nearly so, of external control, and possessing an organized government to which the great body of inhabitants render habitual obedience. Whereas the state has no ability to come out of this situation. But the population must be large enough to make a State and sustain it. While the terms country, state, and nation are often used interchangeably, there is a difference. For this purpose, the Athens government is critical, partly because it is the best known but chiefly because it was an object of special concern to the Greek philosophers greatest. Race and the Making of American Political Science University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018. The Council was charged with the essential duty of proposing measures to consider the citizens General Assembly, which only acted upon matters coming to it through the Council.