Socialisation and identity of learners. Ch. 2 Socialisation and the creation of social identity 2022-10-20
Socialisation and identity of learners Rating:
Socialization and identity are two closely related concepts that play a significant role in the development of learners. Socialization refers to the process by which individuals learn and internalize the norms, values, and behaviors of their society or culture. Identity, on the other hand, refers to an individual's sense of self and their unique characteristics, including their beliefs, values, and personality. Both of these processes are essential for learners as they shape how they view and interact with the world around them.
One of the main ways that socialization occurs is through interactions with family and peers. These interactions provide learners with the opportunity to learn and observe the behaviors and norms that are valued in their society. For example, a child who grows up in a traditional family may learn to respect their elders and follow certain gender roles. On the other hand, a child who grows up in a more progressive family may learn to challenge traditional gender roles and value individuality and self-expression.
Another important aspect of socialization is education. Schools serve as a major agent of socialization as they provide learners with structured environments in which they can learn and interact with their peers. Schools also often have specific values and norms that they aim to instill in their students, such as a focus on academic achievement or respect for diversity.
As learners grow and develop, they also begin to form their own identity. This process is influenced by a variety of factors, including genetics, family and cultural background, and personal experiences. As learners explore their interests and values, they may begin to develop a sense of their own unique personality and identity.
It is important for learners to have the opportunity to develop their own identity and to be accepted for who they are. This can be challenging, however, as society often imposes certain expectations or stereotypes on individuals based on factors such as their gender, race, or social class. It is important for learners to be able to challenge these expectations and to feel comfortable expressing their true selves.
In conclusion, socialization and identity are two essential processes that shape the development of learners. Socialization helps individuals learn and internalize the norms and values of their society, while identity allows them to develop a sense of self and unique characteristics. It is important for learners to have the opportunity to explore and develop their own identity, while also being respectful and accepting of the identities of others.
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Although you may have come across these terms before, it may be helpful to have a reminder. Like Alice, Neta, one of the participants in Miller 1999 stated that if she could speak English, she could socialize with anyone she wanted. In short, both studies suggested that upper convergence was related to an increase in perceived intelligence but in the Britain context, upper convergence also pertained to be viewed as less trustworthy and kind than no shift. A useful pedagogical intervention may be the turn-taking practices where all students takes turns to participate in an equal manner. A dynamic environment may confuse a child, which leads to psychological trauma. A well-known example of a metanarrative is the concept of the human evolutionary process.
For example, swearing loudly at home would be okay I but in the public, it would not be Me. Furthermore, their study suggested that learners may selectively invest in different English skills listening, speaking, reading, and writing and the four skills were not necessarily developed at the same time and the proficiency in one skill was not an indicator of another skill. Her findings suggested that a language learner may be highly motivated in learning the language but felt constraint or reluctant to practice it due to the social contexts he or she is in. The various socialisation theories offer explanations of how individuals function in the social world. The Modern Language Journal, 97 3 , 745-763. Speech style involved various aspects such as accent, pitch level, pronunciation, speed of speech, quality of speech and etc.
Depending on the sexual identity, parents bestow different gender roles to their children. Language in Society, 1 1 , 131-142. Therefore, if an individual reads the social theories concurrently, he or she will understand the concept of sociology. They asserted that NS and NNS identity were only one facet of the various social identities i. The following are the four stages of development according to Piaget. Learn More Commonly, there are three types of families, single parent, nuclear, and extended; each of the family may differently expose a child to the aspects of socialization.
Not all agree with or follow the rules according to the expectations of the society; in this case, formal agents of social control such as the social sanctions to control behaviour. For example, men and women are biologically programmed differently: women are caring thus suits childrearing, men are aggressive thus suits a providing role. I suppose I feel that this is my time to be selfish. Erik Erikson's eight-stage theory of development Freud's student Erik Erikson believed individuals go through a normative crisis , which is a struggle between what is expected of them by society and what they actually accomplish. The family provides emotional support for its members to keep them out of 'trouble'.
Both natural and planned socialization may start from infancy period. Phenomenology - Schutz: the meaning of a phenomenon anything existing in the social world is negotiated and interpreted through interaction. In their article, Firth and Wagner challenged the narrow view of identity that had been discussed in most second language L2 learning research, which were the native speakers NS identity and non-native speakers NNS identity. The notion of learner identity can be understood as the development of attitudes and habits that influence the learning process, and the emerging and constantly developing ways in which children understand themselves as learners. To what extent media can influence individuals on a short and long term basis is subject to debate. Interactionist view on agencies of socialisation Erving Goffman explored his idea of dramaturgy.
The Importance of Cultural Identity and Socialization in Education: [Essay Example], 1081 words GradesFixer
In the education world, students who identify with certain groups similar to that of their teachers will have more common ground and will relate to the teacher more, resulting in them learning more materials than those that do not share similar backgrounds or cultures. Pedagogies, 1 3 , 171—95. Sometimes, children may adapt the behavioural conducts of their teachers or instructors. Émile Durkheim explored the idea of collective conscience. Knowledge is available to everyone; not just the powerful. Block 2003 also posited that language learning should be conceptualized as a social process in addition to the traditional view of cognitive process. Marxists and feminists would argue that it plays a vital role in spreading capitalist and patriarchal ideologies.
This is sometimes linked to the hidden curriculum. In sociology, the theories of big claims about society and its members. Most identity and SLA research was conducted in the context of immediate communities of practice and most subjects of such type of research were immigrants learning English in a new social environment. We do this by identifying with others without our own groups. Lyotard: Science has helped in destroying metanarratives. The participants were L1 Kurdish adolescents who were studying in monolingual Turkish schools.
It is society's failure that it considers the male pattern as the norm, without acknowledging the difference in developmental trajectories between males and females. The child takes the role of generalised others and grasps an understanding of the expectation and judgements that others may have towards the role. Calgary, AB: University of Calgary Language Research Centre Reports, 1-44. In the depths of the river a space that is harder to see and understand but that underpins all learning is the domain of learner identity. There are also Sanctions which are used to enforce the controlling mechanisms above. We do not lie or steal because we are taught from a young age that it is 'bad' behaviour. A role refers to the expected behaviours associated with our social status.
Ch. 2 Socialisation and the creation of social identity
It is therefore ethnological and longitudinal case studies were the most popular trend in identity research. Clevedon,UK: Multilingual Matters Peirce, B. Research tasks on identity in language learning and teaching. An individual starts with being a baby, then an infant, then a child finally a teenager, or young adult. From this it was understood that society is only a label we give to rules and responsibilities as a product of social interaction. For instance, Bailey 2000 documented naturally occurred interactions between a 17-year-old Dominican teenagers, Wilson, and his peers in school, home and community contexts through ethnographic observation, video-recording, and interviews and showed how the varieties of languages English and Spanish were employed skillfully by Wilson to negotiate or renegotiate his identities among different social situations to either align with or distinguish himself from different social categories. When she started her study in France, she decided to skip many classes as she thought it would be more beneficial to practice French in real-life contexts, which led her to seek opportunities to talk to people inside and outside schools and even found employment in French.