Industrial regions of india. Major Industries In India 2022-10-23
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India is a country with a diverse and complex economy, and one of the key drivers of its economic growth is the development of its industrial regions. There are several industrial regions in India, each with its own unique characteristics and contributions to the country's overall economic development.
The first and perhaps most well-known industrial region in India is the Mumbai-Pune industrial belt. Located in the western part of the country, this region is home to a large number of manufacturing and processing industries, including textiles, engineering, and pharmaceuticals. The Mumbai-Pune region is also home to the Port of Mumbai, which is the largest port in India and handles a significant amount of the country's international trade.
Another important industrial region in India is the Kolkata-Durgapur industrial belt, located in the eastern part of the country. This region is home to a number of heavy industries, including steel, cement, and engineering, and is an important contributor to the country's overall industrial production.
In the southern part of India, the Chennai-Bengaluru industrial belt is a major contributor to the country's industrial development. This region is home to a number of industries, including automotive, engineering, and information technology. The Chennai-Bengaluru region is also home to a number of research and development centers, making it an important hub for innovation and technology in India.
There are also several smaller industrial regions in India, including the Ludhiana-Jalandhar industrial belt in the northern part of the country and the Ahmedabad-Vadodara industrial belt in the western part of the country. Each of these regions plays a significant role in the country's economic development and helps to drive India's growth as a leading industrial power.
Overall, the industrial regions of India are an important part of the country's economic development and are key drivers of its growth and prosperity. From the Mumbai-Pune industrial belt in the west to the Chennai-Bengaluru industrial belt in the south, these regions are home to a diverse range of industries and contribute significantly to the country's overall industrial production and economic growth.
This region owes its origin to the British rule in India. Petroleum refinery at Chennai and Narimanam and iron and steel plant at Salem are recent developments. India is one of the major sugar producers of the world. The depth of water in the channel from bay head to Kolkata docks must be kept at 9. Cotton was cultivated in the black cotton soil area of the Narmada and Tapi basins. Gujarat Industrial Region: The nucleus of this region lies between Ahmedabad and Vadodara as a result of which it is also known as Ahmedabad-Vadodara industrial region.
Industrial Regions: 8 Major Industrial Regions of India
The industrial development of this region mainly depends upon Vishakhapatnam and Machilipatnam ports. In fact cotton textile industry was the first to take roots in this region. Visvesvarayya Iron and Steel Works is located at Bhadravati. The good climate, disciplined skilled and unskilled labour, regular supply of power from the Mettur, Papanasam, Pykara, Savitri and Sivasamudram , and the nearness of Chennai, Kochi, Mangalore, and Tuticorin seaports have contributed in the fast development of this industrial region. Various public sector enterprises located in this belt include the Hindustan Machine Tbols, the Visveshwaraiya Iron and Steel Works, the Bharat Electronics, BHEL, the Indian Telephone Industry and the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.
Gurgaon-Delhi-Meerut Industrial Region: This region developed after independence, but is one of the fastest growing regions of India. Here the cultivation of sugarcane and the sugar industry are under the co-operative sector. Cottage Industries A cottage industryis a small-scale, decentralized manufacturing business often operated out of a home rather than a purpose-built facility. Mumbai, with cotton hinterland and moist climate favoured the location of cotton textile industry. The Kandla port, which was developed immediately after independence, provides the basic infrastructure for imports and exports and helps in rapid growth of industries in this region.
Industrial development of this region hinges upon Vishakhapatnam and Machilipatnam ports and developed agriculture and rich reserves of minerals in their hinterlands. Bangalore-Tamil Nadu Industrial Region: Spread in two states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, this region experienced the fastest industrial growth in the post-independence era. Till 1960, industries were confined to Bangalore district of Karnataka and Salem and Madurai districts of Tamil Nadu. The other important centres of this region are Sivakasi, Tiruchirapalli, Madukottai, Mettur, Mysore and Mandya. Petroleum refineries at Koyali and Jamnagar provide necessary raw materials for the proper growth of petrochemical industries.
Ahmedabad-Vadodara Region: This region is characterised by an inland location in the cotton growing Gujarat plains. Since, this region is away from the coalfields; its development is dependent on the Pykara hydroelectric plant, which was built in 1932. In fact cotton textile industry was the first to take roots in this region. Together with textile factories, the loom business grew quickly. Visvesvarayya Iron and Steel Works is located at Bhadravati.
Location of petroleum refinery at Haldia has facilitated the development of a variety of industries. The second step is the process, which includes a wide range of activities that convert the raw material into finished goods like ginning, spinning, weaving, dyeing, and printing. Kollam-Thiruvananthapuram Industrial Region: This is comparatively small industrial region and spreads over Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Alwaye, Emakulam and Allapuzha districts of south Kerala. However, the industrial growth of this region has slowed down as compared to the other regions. Plantation agriculture and hydroelectricity provide the industrial base to this region. This will go a long way to boost the industrial growth of this region. There are several reasons for this sluggish growth but decline in jute industry is said to be one of the main reasons.
Iron and steel industry, glass industry etc. Mumbai has the disadvantage of paying double freight charges for first bringing the raw cotton from the peninsular hinterland and then despatching the finished products to inland consuming points in India. Kanpur, 2 Hyderabad, 3. Plantation agriculture and hydroelectricity provide the industrial base to this region. The discovery and production of oil at a number of places in the Gulf of Khambhat area led to the establishment of petrochemical industries around Ankleshwar, Vadodara and Jamnagar. Heavy engineering, machine tools, fertilizers, cement, paper, locomotives and heavy electricals are some of the other important industries in this region. Paper, engineering, textile machinery, electrical, chemical, pharmaceuticals, fertilizers and petrochemical industries have also developed in this region.
What are the major industrial regions of India? Answer at BYJUâ€™S IAS
Cheap skilled labour and proximity to vast local market as well as good climate have also favoured the concentration of industries in this region. The opening of the first railway track of 34 kms between Mumbai and Thane in 1853, opening of the Bhor and Thai Ghats respectively to Pune and Nashik and that of Suez Canal in 1869 led to the development of Mumbai. But Ahmedabad is nearer the sources of raw material as well as the marketing centres of the Ganga and Satlui plains. The important industrial centres of this region are Vishakhapatnam, Vijaywada, Vijaynagar, Rajahmundry, Kurnool, Elum and Guntur. Gurgaon has Maruti car factory as well as one unit of the IDPL. The region may become more important in the years to come.
The growth in the Indian steel sector has been driven by the domestic availability of raw materials such as iron ore and cost-effective labour. Besides raw materials, power is available from the dam sites in the Damodar Valley and the thermal power stations based on the local coal. This is the reason why a government provides incentives like subsidized power, low transport cost, and infrastructure to industries located in the backward regions of the country. Now the industrial centres have developed, from Mumbai to Kurla, Kolaba, Thane, Ghatkopar, Ville Parle, Jogeshwari, Andheri, Thane, Bhandup, Kalyan, Pimpri, Pune, Nashik, Manmad, Solapur, Ahmednagar, Satara and Sangli. Ghaziabad is a large-centre of agro-industries. The main industrial centres of this region are Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Bharuch, Koyali, Anand, Khera, Surendranagar, Surat, Jamnagar, Rajkot and Valsad.