Intelligence is a multifaceted concept that includes a variety of cognitive abilities such as problem-solving, reasoning, and learning. While there is ongoing debate about the relative contributions of nature (innate abilities) and nurture (environmental influences) to intelligence, it is clear that both play a role. In this essay, we will focus on the factors that contribute to the nurture of intelligence and how they can be optimized to promote cognitive development.
One important factor that influences the nurture of intelligence is the quality of the learning environment. This includes both the physical environment in which learning takes place and the social environment in which children interact with their peers and caregivers. A supportive, stimulating, and nurturing learning environment can provide children with the necessary resources and opportunities to develop their cognitive abilities.
One way to create a supportive learning environment is through the provision of high-quality early childhood education. Research has shown that children who attend high-quality early childhood education programs have better cognitive outcomes, including higher levels of intelligence, compared to those who do not. These programs often provide children with a wide range of learning experiences, including play-based learning, which can promote the development of problem-solving and critical thinking skills.
Another factor that can nurture intelligence is parental involvement in a child's education. Parents who are actively involved in their child's education, including helping with homework and providing support and encouragement, can have a positive impact on their child's cognitive development. Similarly, parents who model positive learning behaviors, such as curiosity and a love of learning, can encourage their children to adopt these behaviors as well.
In addition to the learning environment and parental involvement, nutrition and health also play a role in nurturing intelligence. Children who receive adequate nutrition and are physically healthy are more likely to have optimal cognitive development. This includes getting enough sleep, as sleep is essential for brain development and learning.
Finally, genetics also play a role in intelligence, and children who have parents or siblings with high levels of intelligence may be more likely to have higher levels of intelligence themselves. However, this is not a deterministic factor, and the nurture of intelligence through a supportive and stimulating environment and other positive influences can still have a significant impact on cognitive development.
In conclusion, the nurture of intelligence is influenced by a variety of factors, including the quality of the learning environment, parental involvement, nutrition and health, and genetics. By optimizing these factors, it is possible to promote the cognitive development of children and support the development of intelligence.
The nature and nurture of high IQ: An extended sensitive period for intellectual development
Things are not so easy for most adults -- in particular, they have more difficulty learning languages -- but they can be masterful at relying on hard-won experience to get them through life's challenges. Birth order appears to place a part in their intelligence development and growth. Cereb Cortex 2001;11:816--824 van Haren NE, Hulshoff Pol HE, Schnack HG, Cahn W, Mandl RC, Collins DL, Evans AC, Kahn RS. The effect was striking in that all displayed large improvement in their language skill, and social interactions with people and events, and began behaving intelligently. Throughout life, genetics and the environment interact in significant ways in this process.
Does Intelligence Come From Nature Or Nurture? (3 Insights)
Hilleke Hulshoff Pol presents persuasive evidence how genetic factors influence the brain structure opening new insights into the reciprocal gene-environment developmental pathways. Studies on malnutrition, exposure to toxic substances, education, and the Flynn effect support an environmental link as well. However, it is unclear how much influence each has. Similarly, intoxicating drugs and alcohol consumption would adversely affect the biological processes and the development of brain cells. School attendance is said to enhance intellectual growth through the learning of cognitive processes such as metacognition, rehearsal, and organising, and Vygotskian theory supports this claim. Hunt 1982 investigated the effects of enrichment on 11 children in Iranian orphanage, who were developmentally and emotionally retarded. He examined several studies on intelligence, many of which involved comparisons of identical and fraternal twins.
For low SES children, they observed progressive retardation in intellectual skills. The higher is the socioeconomic status of the parents, the higher is the average IQ of children. In fact, racial differences were more prominent than the SES differences. There is considerable brain growth during childhood with dynamic changes taking place in the human brain throughout life, probably for adaptation to our environments. It can be difficult to separate the influences of heredity and environment, but there is a significant amount of information that can help us. Both genetics and the environment interact with one another in this process.
Children who purportedly eat breakfast every day, score ten points higher on an IQ test than those who do not. Prenatal Environment The prenatal stage is extremely important as a fertilized egg is shaped the form of a human being during this period. But other researchers have shown that early intellectual retardation can be overcome by providing adequate enriched environmental experiences Kagan, 1972. The nature of mental behavioral transactions between the parents and the child has a critical influence on his intellectual competence. Furthermore, identical twins reared apart in different environments show a high degree of similarity.
Nature vs. Nurture in Intelligence: Overview & Studies
Brain volume is one of the heritable elements involved in the development of intelligence, according to Thompson et al 2001 , who used magnetic resonance imaging in in-vivo examinations of brain anatomy. Hum Brain Mapp 2007;28:464-473 Giedd JN, Blumenthal J, Jeffries NO, Castellanos FX, Liu H, Zijdenbos A, Paus T, Evans AC, Rapoport JL. They found that racial membership significantly influenced both the pattern and level of intellectual sentence. Age Scale and included a performance scale. Nurture in Intelligence Intelligence is described as the capability for the acquisition and application of knowledge and skills. Nurture of Intelligence is concerned with the personal experience of a person.
. Fraternal twins, on the other hand, have similar IQs. He lives and grows in his environment. The second debate in intelligence research focuses on one of the most prominent issues in every field of the social sciences. It is important to note that twin studies and adoption studies cannot completely separate genetic and environmental influences.
For instance, Alfred Binet scale of measurement has helped school systems identify children with mental retardation and learning disabilities in placing them in the correct curriculum. Children born to parents with a high IQ are more likely to have a high IQ as well. Francis Galton 1885 was of the view that intelligence is largely inherited, and it runs in families. Are genetics the most important aspect or is it environment? Postnatal Environment When we speak of environmental determinants of intelligence, we ordinarily mean the environment the child faces after he is born. To ascertain the factors that influence human intelligence, psychologists have examined the issue from two distinct perspectives: nature and nurture. This means we can assume that genetic influences account for the similar IQ scores of identical twins.
Children are normally genetically similar to their parents because they are the result of sexual reproduction, which requires the union of both male and female gametes via a well-understood biological mechanism. This scale estimates the mental age of a child by comparing them to the average performance of a child age. Parental occupation is closely related to the IQ level of children Harrell and Harrell, 1945. There are two factors that determine intelligence in a human, which are nature and nurture. It is believed every successive sibling will rank. References Peper JS, Brouwer RM, Boomsma DI, Kahn RS, Hulshoff Pol HE. On the other hand, the traits are discouraged in girls so mi that high intelligence is often considered a masculine quality.
As a result, it is clear that intelligence is influenced not solely by genetic factors, but also by environmental factors. It may be unfair to compare the performance level of children from different cultures, as the skills required for successful adaptation in different cultures great deal The skills tapped by the standard cognitive tests are those that are demanded in more technologically advanced cultures and higher SES groups. If the personality traits were not acceptable, the advantages would be minimized. Some argue that intellectual differences between sexes reflect different child-rearing practice; socio-cultural training. It can be difficult to separate the influences of heredity and environment, but there is a significant amount of information that can help us. Through various studies, researchers have gathered evidence for the influence of heredity on IQ.