Which of the following is released during cellular respiration. Biology chapter 9 Flashcards 2022-10-23
Which of the following is released during cellular respiration Rating:
Cellular respiration is the process by which cells produce energy in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). This process occurs in the mitochondria of cells and involves the breakdown of glucose, a simple sugar, into energy. There are three stages of cellular respiration: glycolysis, the citric acid cycle, and oxidative phosphorylation. Each of these stages releases different byproducts.
The first stage of cellular respiration is glycolysis, which occurs in the cytosol of the cell. In glycolysis, glucose is broken down into two molecules of pyruvate, releasing a small amount of ATP and NADH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) in the process. NADH is a coenzyme that carries electrons and is used in the production of ATP during oxidative phosphorylation.
The second stage of cellular respiration is the citric acid cycle, also known as the Krebs cycle. This stage occurs in the mitochondria and involves the breakdown of pyruvate into acetyl-CoA, which is then used to produce ATP and NADH. The citric acid cycle also releases CO2 (carbon dioxide) as a byproduct.
The final stage of cellular respiration is oxidative phosphorylation, which occurs in the mitochondria and involves the use of ATP synthase to produce ATP from ADP (adenosine diphosphate) using the energy from NADH and FADH2 (flavin adenine dinucleotide).
In summary, the main byproducts released during cellular respiration are ATP, NADH, and CO2. ATP is the main source of energy for cells and is used to fuel various cellular processes. NADH and FADH2 are used to produce ATP during oxidative phosphorylation. CO2 is a waste product that is released during the citric acid cycle.
What substance is released during cellular respiration?
C NAD+ has more chemical energy than NADH. The filter was too large, and he needs a smaller mesh filter. It increases the surface for oxidative phosphorylation. The electrons gain free energy. C The rate of ATP production would decrease, but the rate of carbon dioxide production would increase.
You have a friend who lost 7 kg about 15 pounds of fat on a regimen of strict diet and exercise. D It yields energy in the form of ATP as it is passed down the electron transport chain. It allows for an increased rate of glycolysis. A 3 ATP, 6 CO2, 9 NADH, and 3 FADH2 B 1 ATP, 2 CO2, 3 NADH, and 1 FADH2 C 6 ATP, 6 CO2, 3 NADH, and 12 FADH2 D 3 ATP, 3 CO2, 3 NADH, and 3 FADH2 Exposing inner mitochondrial membranes to ultrasonic vibrations will disrupt the membranes. What is likely to happen when an athlete exhausts his or her ATP supply? C During aerobic respiration, muscles cells produce too much lactate which causes a rise in the pH of the muscle cells, thus athletes must consume increased amounts of sports drinks, high in electrolytes, to buffer the pH. There is more NADH than FADH2 made for every glucose that enters cellular respiration. A ATP is transported into the cell from the circulatory system.
The two processes of the carbon cycle are photosynthesis and cellular respiration. A two molecules of ATP are used and two molecules of ATP are produced. C Both oxaloacetate and citric acid will decrease. B He or she has to sit down and rest. D Other cells take over, and the muscle cells that have used up their ATP cease to function. Following glycolysis and the citric acid cycle, but before the electron transport chain and oxidative phosphorylation, the carbon skeleton of glucose has been broken down to CO2 with some net gain of ATP.
(04.03 LC) Which of the following is released during cellular respiration? Select one: a. Carbon
It is stored in NADH and FADH2 E. Identify all correct statements about the basic function of fermentation. Which of the following sets of products result from these reactions? D 2 molecules of ATP are used and 6 molecules of ATP are produced. A the flow of protons through ATP synthase down their concentration gradient B the reduction of NAD+ by the first electron carrier in the electron transport chain C lowering of pH in the mitochondrial matrix D pumping of hydrogen ions from the mitochondrial matrix across the inner membrane and into the intermembrane space An organism is discovered that thrives in both the presence and absence of oxygen. D NAD+ can donate electrons for use in oxidative phosphorylation. It is stored in pyruvate.
Carbon dioxide is released during which stages of cellular respiration?
ATP is a molecule that provides a small amount of energy to the cell, which provides it fuel to do specific tasks. A During anaerobic respiration, lactate levels increase when muscles cells need more energy; however, muscles cells eventually fatigue, thus athletes should modify their activities to increase aerobic respiration. Glucose is consumed, and carbon dioxide is produced. The citric acid cycle produces most of the ATP that is subsequently used by the electron transport chain. The function of the bonding of acetic acid to the carrier molecule CoA to form acetyl CoA is the reduction of glucose to acetyl CoA. A ATP will be produced from ADP and P i in the interior of the vesicle.
C It serves as the final acceptor for electrons from the electron transport chain. What purpose must this serve? Chemiosmotic ATP synthesis requires oxygen. Where does the energy stored for respiration come from? A how ATP is synthesized by a proton motive force B how electron transport can fuel substrate-level phosphorylation C the sequence of the electron transport chain molecules D the reduction of oxygen to water in the final steps of oxidative metabolism In chemiosmosis, what is the most direct source of energy that is used to convert ADP + to ATP? Which of the following best describes the main purpose of the combined processes of glycolysis and cellular respiration? Electron transport would stop but ATP synthesis would be unaffected. B two molecules of ATP are used and four molecules of ATP are produced. Energy is stored in the chemical bonds of the glucose molecules. B It serves as an acceptor for carbon, forming CO2 in the citric acid cycle. What substances does cellular respiration produce quizlet? B It increases the surface for substrate-level phosphorylation.
Which of the following events takes place in the electron transport chain? A Oxaloacetate will accumulate and citric acid will decrease. A energy released as electrons flow through the electron transport chain B energy released from substrate-level phosphorylation C energy released from movement of protons through ATP synthase, down their electrochemical gradient D energy released as electrons are transported across the inner mitochondrial membrane New biosensors, applied like a temporary tattoo to the skin, can alert serious athletes that they are about to "hit the wall" and will find it difficult to continue exercising. During cellular respiration, glucose and oxygen are converted into carbon dioxide and water, and the energy is transferred to ATP. A They would carry out elevated levels of oxidative phosphorylation. First, however, the pyruvate 1 loses a carbon, which is given off as a molecule of CO2, 2 is oxidized to form a two-carbon compound called acetate, and 3 is bonded to coenzyme A.
It is not formed during lactic acid fermentation. He or she has to sit down and rest. It was lost as heat. A acetyl CoA, O2, and ATP B acetyl CoA, FADH2, and CO2 C acetyl CoA, NADH, and CO2 D acetyl CoA, NAD+, ATP, and CO2 Which of the following events takes place in the electron transport chain? Each 6 carbon molecule of glucose is converted to two 3 carbon molecules of pyruvic acid in the process of glycolysis. A positive feedback regulation B competitive inhibition C allosteric regulation D the specificity of enzymes for their substrates Which of the following sequences describes the path by which electrons travel downhill energetically in aerobic respiration? A all cells, but only in the presence of oxygen B only eukaryotic cells, in the presence of oxygen C only in mitochondria, using either oxygen or other electron acceptors D all respiring cells, both prokaryotic and eukaryotic, using either oxygen or other electron acceptors An organism is discovered that thrives in both the presence and absence of oxygen in the air. C Both oxaloacetate and citric acid will decrease. A cell has enough available ATP to meet its needs for about 30 seconds.
D It requires the presence of membrane-enclosed cell organelles found only in eukaryotic cells. Most energy is produced during cellular respiration in the mitochondria, a process that involves breakdown of simple sugars to produce energy in the form of ATP, which is the usable form by the cell. The metals consist of aluminum, steel, and copper. First, however, the pyruvate 1 loses a carbon, which is given off as a molecule of CO2, 2 is oxidized to form a two-carbon compound called acetate, and 3 is bonded to coenzyme A. A 1 ATP, 2 CO2, 3 NADH, and 1 FADH2 B 3 ATP, 3 CO2, 3 NADH, and 3 FADH2 C 3 ATP, 6 CO2, 9 NADH, and 3 FADH2 D 38 ATP, 6 CO2, 3 NADH, and 12 FADH2 In the presence of oxygen, the three-carbon compound pyruvate can be catabolized in the citric acid cycle. Given its critical role in glycolysis, which of the following conditions would be a likely consequence for dogs afflicted with this disorder? Where is most energy transferred in cellular respiration? B NAD+ is reduced to NADH during glycolysis, pyruvate oxidation, and the citric acid cycle.