Three strikes law research paper. Three Strikes Law Research Paper 2022-10-23
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12 Angry Men is a film about a group of jurors tasked with deciding the guilt or innocence of a young man accused of murder. As they deliberate, they must confront their own biases and preconceptions, and ultimately decide what justice truly means.
The main theme of 12 Angry Men is the dangers of groupthink and the importance of individual critical thinking. Throughout the film, the jurors are influenced by their own personal biases and the pressure to conform to the group's majority opinion. They are reluctant to challenge the dominant narrative and consider alternative perspectives, even when new information is presented.
As the film progresses, however, one juror, known as Juror 8, consistently challenges the group's assumptions and pushes them to consider the possibility of reasonable doubt. He encourages the other jurors to think for themselves and not blindly follow the majority, highlighting the importance of independent critical thinking.
Another theme of the film is the role of justice in society. The jurors are tasked with determining the guilt or innocence of the accused, and as they deliberate, they must grapple with the consequences of their decision. They must consider not only the evidence presented, but also the broader implications of their verdict on the accused and on society as a whole.
Ultimately, 12 Angry Men presents a powerful message about the dangers of groupthink and the importance of individual critical thinking in the pursuit of justice. It encourages viewers to consider their own biases and to approach complex issues with an open mind, encouraging them to be willing to challenge dominant narratives and consider alternative perspectives.
Three Strikes Laws Research Paper
Bill Clinton: A Hero Or Villain? Massachusetts and Virginia have laws of this kind dating back to before the independence declaration; there were some in England of the 16th century. Under this statute, a criminal who has been convicted of serious crimes in two prior charges might receive a maximum sentencing on the third felony even if that is a minorfelony such as shoplifting or stealing. Jerry Dewayne Williams, the pizza thief who had previous convictions for robbery and attempted robbery was sentenced to 25 years of life when he committed the third felony of stealing a slice of pizza from a group of children Jack Leonard. Conservatives believe that imprisonment reduces crime in two ways: it removes criminals from the public so they can not commit more crimes, and it also discourages people who would commit a crime as they consider the consequences. The name of these laws has emerged from the rules of the game of baseball where the batter can miss three strikes before he retire from the game. Proponents believe the law to be fair and square and effective enough to have brought a decline in the rate of crimes while the opponents believe the pre-existing laws for violent crimes were stricter enough to punish a first time offender with life sentencing without any parole and therefore, three strikes law has little to contribute to the decline of crimes.
Not only Williams, many offenders were subjected to severe punishment under this law for minor felony like shoplifting a bottle of vitamins or stealing videotapes to buy heroin. The use of the three strikes law in the United States is governed by the philosophy of incapacitation rather than rehabilitation. Even though the three strikes law created to remove those considered a threat to society, many agree that this law needs revamping. Although the offenders in such cases had other strikes, the length with which they went without an incident is not considered. Under this law, a third time offender of violent felony will receive minimum mandatory sentencing of life imprisonment. The inability of justice programs to work as they are intended to is seen as one of the significant problems facing the justice system. Mandatory sentences set a penalty for certain crimes that is the standard for all offenders convicted of that crime.
Accordingly, sentences vary from a minimum of twenty five years imprisonment to life imprisonment. The 1970s-1980s: The War on Drugs and Changes in Sentencing Policy Incarceration rates did rise above 140 persons imprisoned per 100,000 of the population until the mid 1970s. His sentence points out to the debate going on for 17 years after the law was enacted in 1994 that the punishments meted out by three strikes law are unconstitutional and too punitive. From that moment on, little serious crimes and non-violent offences are excluded from it. Rather the states without three strikes law have significant decline in crimes than the ones with the law.
The justice system and its statutes sometimes struggle to keep up with the ever-changing world; thus making them lag behind. Three strikes law does not aim especially serious crimes, but more prosaically some thefts or burglaries, and for this reason affects disproportionately drug addicts arrested for theft, and more heavily sentenced for the drug use. The money invested in building additional prisons to house the three and second strike offenders would have restrained more crimes had it been invested on prevention programs. In California the number of homicide in 2010 in Los Angeles was recorded as 297, one third of pre-three strikes crime rate of 1,000 homicides in 1992 Mandalit del Barco. Intervention programs do exist but still the justice system is overburden with many criminal cases. Some argue that it is extremely punitive. Leonard Jack, After 17 years, three-strikes law is still hotly debated, Los Angeles Times.
This form of condemning offenders has become very popular in the United States since the end of the 20th century. The Use of the Three Strikes Laws in the United States The application of these laws in the United States differs from one state to another. The paper then gives the impact of these laws in the society and concludes by examining whether the laws are ethical or unethical. The policy is based off of baseball in which if the batter gets three strike then they are out. Unjust sentencing and the California Three Strikes law. Proponents of the law claim that after the enactment of three-strike law the rate of crimes has dropped down considerably. This form of legislations shows a drastic shift from retribution to incapacitation or deterrence as a form of punishment.
Almost 5 percent of the population of the United States will go to prison at in point of their life. California followed soon in 1994 when they overwhelmingly passed Proposition 184 which referred to a de facto lifetime incarceration if one was convicted of a minimum of three felonies. Although it is not a prerequisite for any of the three convictions for felonies to be violent, the state specifically excludes particular state jail felonies for consideration when sentencing Grim, 2009. In general, advocates believe that locking up criminals will protect society. Some of the states hold as a requirement that for the obligatory prison term to be pronounced under the three strikes law, at least one of the three felonies that the accused is convicted of has to involve a violent crime. I do not believe three-strike laws should be implemented across Criminal Justice Intervention Paper 636 Words 3 Pages The justice system is constant work in progress as the system must change and evolve to meet the needs, demands and requirements of the times we live in.
Considering that California is just one of the fifty states that is required to uphold this law, how much money is really being siphoned annually just to keep so many offenders in jail? The state of California has Three Strikes Law Research Paper In March 1994, California voted to pass the Three Strikes Law with the majority of the vote, a bill that had been struck down multiple times by the state legislature Naomi Harlin Goodno. Three strikes laws are a group of statutes that are enacted by various states in the United States mandating state courts to inflict harsher punishments by issuing more punitive sentences for individuals who are convicted of perpetrating three or more staid criminal offenses. Two little boys were killed in mena at the site bags of cocaine were loaded and unloaded 2 little boys were murdered there. The life sentences doled out to African Americans is 13 times higher than that of whites and the Latinos imprisoned under three strikes law is a steep 82% higher than whites Afro-Netizen. It must be one of the important agendas of the government to reduce crime rates in the country, but a single law cannot be panacea for all the crimes.
Recidivists in California received life-without-parole sentences before the passage of three strikes law. Conclusion The philosophy of the three strikes law has been criticized widely and fervently. There were other forms of the law before this but the first three strikes law was ratified when voters in Washington State approved the Initiative 593 in 1993. These have been the arguments forwarded by the opponents of the laws. What is the best way to lower crime in the United States? Most jurisdictions consider crimes at the felony level only as serious offenses.
If you need a high-quality customized research paper on Three Strikes Law topics written from scratch, you can easily hire professional academic writers online: You will get a 100% non-plagiarized research paper about Three Strikes Law from SmartWritingService research paper service! Mandatory sentences are set by legislators instead of judges. Rather this law has allowed imprisonment of perpetrators of minor crimes to longer jail terms. Many other States adopted similar laws during from the 1920s to 1945. Further, most of the three strike offenders prefer to go for trials rather than pleading guilty and hence the cost incurred by pre-conviction jail terms, case processing and trials is huge. Following the passage of these guidelines, the national government and majority of the states adopted or formulated sentencing laws that are similar to help in sentencing habitual offenders.