Montezuma ii accomplishments. Isabel Moctezuma 2022-10-22
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Montezuma II, also known as Moctezuma II, was the ninth tlatoani, or ruler, of the Aztec Empire, which spanned much of modern-day Mexico and Central America at the time of the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in the early 16th century. Montezuma II is most famous for his role in the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spanish, but he also accomplished many things during his reign as tlatoani.
One of Montezuma II's major accomplishments was the expansion of the Aztec Empire. During his reign, the Aztec Empire extended its control over many neighboring states, including the Tarascan Empire, the Tlaxcaltecas, and the Totonacs. This expansion allowed the Aztecs to control a large portion of the trade routes in Mesoamerica, which brought wealth and prosperity to the empire.
Another significant accomplishment of Montezuma II was the construction of several important public works projects, such as the temple of Huitzilopochtli in Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec Empire. The temple was an important religious and political center for the Aztecs, and its construction required significant resources and labor. In addition to the temple, Montezuma II also oversaw the construction of several palaces, aqueducts, and other public buildings.
Montezuma II was also known for his efforts to maintain peace and stability within the Aztec Empire. He implemented a system of laws and regulations that helped to keep the peace and ensure that the empire was run smoothly. In addition, he worked to maintain good relations with neighboring states and sought to avoid unnecessary conflict.
Despite these accomplishments, Montezuma II is most famous for his role in the fall of the Aztec Empire to the Spanish conquistadors. In 1519, Hernán Cortés and his conquistadors arrived in the Aztec Empire, and Montezuma II initially welcomed them. However, tensions soon arose between the Aztecs and the Spanish, and in 1520, Cortés captured Montezuma II and held him hostage. The Aztec Empire soon collapsed, and the Spanish took control of the region.
Overall, Montezuma II was an important figure in Aztec history, and he accomplished much during his reign as tlatoani. Despite his role in the fall of the Aztec Empire, his efforts to expand the empire, build important public works, and maintain peace and stability had a lasting impact on the region.
The object however might have not belonged to Moctezuma and, contrary to popular belief, it was not used as his crown. November 20 2013 Author : Ines Olschen Sumber : Youtube MP3, Stafaband, Gudang Lagu, Metrolagu Deskripsi : From the 13th century, the Valley of Mexico was the heart of Aztec civilization: here the capital of the Aztec Triple Alliance, the city of Tenochtitlan, was built upon raised islets in Lake Texcoco. He still tried to establish negotiations between the Texcoco leadership and the Spaniards, but was unable to change Cacamatzin's mind. This was a particularly large palace, which was a somewhat larger than the The palace had a large courtyard which opened into the central plaza of the city to the north, where Casa Denegrida in the His residence had many rooms for various purposes. In July 1526 Cortés gave Alonso de Grado, Isabel's husband, the position of "Visitador Real" — a traveling auditor with authority to exert judicial and executive power in the name of the crown — of Alonso died while fulfilling this duty. This section contains 550 words approx. Montezuma II was born in Tenochtitlan which is currently Mexico City in 1466.
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An important thing to note is that, contrary to popular belief, Tlaxcala wasn't Mexico's most powerful rival in the central Mexican region in this period, and it wouldn't be until the final years of pre-Hispanic Mexico in 1518—19. News of Cortes' overwhelming defeat at the hands of the Tlaxcalteca invariably reached the ear of Moctezuma and was supported again and again each time Moctezuma sent a small contingent of men to test the military capabilities of Cortes and his men. Codex Mendoza An important campaign was the conquest of Xaltepec today known as Jaltepec and Cuatzontlan and the suppression of the last revolt in Icpatepec, all in Oaxaca. When Montezuma leaned out of his palace to ask them to calm down, he was stoned by his people and died of his injuries. Moctezuma supported Cacamatzin since he was his nephew. He also prohibited any commoners or illegitimate children of the nobility from serving in his palace or in high positions of government.
Contemporary depictions Bernal Díaz del Castillo Moctezuma II in the Codex Mendoza The firsthand account of Bernal Díaz del Castillo's True History of the Conquest of New Spain paints a portrait of a noble leader who struggles to maintain order in his kingdom after he is taken prisoner by Hernán Cortés. Isabel married consecutively to Cuauhtémoc the last Mexican sovereign , to a conquistador in Cortés' original group, Alonso Grado died c. . University of Texas Press. The Aztecs, led by Cuauhtemoc and ravaged by lack of food and disease, finally collapsed on the fateful day of 13th August 1521 CE. Leaving one of his lieutenants in command, Cortés marched to the coast and persuaded his compatriots to join him.
Who among us, in his position, would really want to turn Cortes away? Perhaps Cortes' allusion to a great King from across the sea intrigued Moctezuma both in terms of trade and a military alliance. The Aztecs 2nd edition, reviseded. The Aztec defeat was in this sense a spiritual one, not a military one and therefore is not a significant representation of military superiority one way or the other. The first important conquest during Moctezuma's rule occurred in the year of 1504, when the city of Achiotlan today known as San Juan Achiutla was conquered. Amazingly, Montezuma agreed, provided he be able to tell the story that he had voluntarily accompanied the Spanish back to the palace where they were lodged. Real Academia de la Historia in Spanish. He is sometimes called Montezuma II to distinguish him from Mon… Ashoka , Ashoka c.
Las Calles de México 1sted. This war, according to some sources, was supposedly mainly caused by "a small tree which belonged to a lord of the place which grew such beautiful flowers Moctezuma's envy couldn't resist it," and when Moctezuma asked for it, the lord of the city refused to offer it, thus starting the war. University of Oklahoma Press. The crucial observation here is that the biggest dilemma posed by Cortes was not a matter of warfare but rather public relations. During his campaign against Jaltepec and Cuatzontlan see below , he made negotiations with the Tlatelolca to obtain the weapons and resources needed.
Struggle and Survival in Colonial America 1sted. Aftermath of Montezuma's Death With Montezuma dead, Cortes realized that there was no way he could hold the city. In some sense the motivations of Cortes himself were an ancillary concern to the Mexica leader. Among his many children were Princess Isabel Moctezuma, Princess Mariana Leonor Moctezuma and sons Chimalpopoca not to be confused with the previous huey tlatoani and Tlaltecatzin. Other parties have also propagated the idea that the Native Americans believed the conquistadors to be gods, most notably the historians of the Franciscan order such as Fray Gerónimo de Mendieta. Fearing that they were emissaries of the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, whose return was believed to be imminent, and following the decisions of the Supreme Council of the Indian Confederation, Montezuma tried to appease the conquistadores by sending gifts and offering homage. Montezuma II received military and religious training from the Aztec nobles.
If even just a handful of Aztec vassals lost confidence in the Aztec state read: Moctezuma there was a real possibility that a domino effect would come into play and the Empire itself would break apart. However, despite still being treated as a respected monarch, he had virtually lost most of his power as emperor as the Spaniards oversaw nearly all of his activities. Moctezuma gave Cortés the gift of an Aztec calendar, one disc of crafted gold and another of silver. It was interesting to see how Moctezuma and the Aztecs tried to form with Hernan Cortez, but little did they know that Cortez and the Spaniards had other intentions. Tenochtitlán was ransacked of any precious goods and its monuments were destroyed.
He was very neat and clean, and took a bath every afternoon. During his reign, the Aztec Empire reached its greatest size. A short battle occurred some time after in which Xochitl was captured and later publicly executed by burning. The overarching intent behind such rebellions was in essence to test the character and resolve of a new ruler, which in turn would define whether or not his authority would be respected throughout Mesoamerica. On June 29, 1520, Cortes asked Montezuma to calm the impetus of his people. Montezuma died of his wounds a few days later, on June 29, 1520. Another group of men stayed on guard in Tenochtitlan, with Montezuma II still held as a hostage.