What is considered a cogent argument. Determination of a cogent argument Essay [640 Words] GradeMiners 2022-10-05

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A cogent argument is a type of argument that is clear, logical, and well-reasoned. It is based on evidence and presents a strong case for a particular position or viewpoint. A cogent argument is designed to persuade the reader or listener to accept a particular conclusion or course of action.

There are several key elements that are essential to a cogent argument. First and foremost, it must be based on sound evidence. This means that the argument must be supported by reliable and credible sources, such as scientific studies, expert testimony, or historical documents. Without strong evidence, the argument will lack credibility and will not be able to persuade the audience.

In addition to being based on evidence, a cogent argument must also be logical and well-reasoned. This means that the argument must be structured in a clear and logical manner, with each point building upon the previous one in a way that leads to a logical conclusion. The argument should also consider and address any counterarguments or opposing viewpoints, and provide a strong rebuttal to these points.

Another important aspect of a cogent argument is that it should be presented in a clear and concise manner. The argument should be easy to understand and should not be unnecessarily complex or convoluted. It should be presented in a way that is accessible to the audience, regardless of their level of knowledge or expertise on the topic.

Finally, a cogent argument should be persuasive. It should be able to convince the reader or listener to accept the conclusion or take the recommended course of action. This requires the argument to be well-supported and logical, as well as being presented in a clear and convincing manner.

In summary, a cogent argument is a clear, logical, and well-reasoned argument that is based on evidence and is designed to persuade the reader or listener to accept a particular conclusion or course of action. It is an essential tool in many fields, including academia, politics, and business, as it allows individuals to effectively communicate their ideas and persuade others to adopt their viewpoint.

Validity, Soundness, and Cogency

what is considered a cogent argument

In order to make good generalizations, we need to ensure that our sample is representative, non-biased, and sufficiently sized. Writer's Web: Reasoning: Arguing Cogently Reasoning: Arguing Cogently By David Roberts Academic writing requires writers to make claims and support them using evidence of one kind or another. Grades do not reflects on the personal values of the students is the fact in the first premise, the second one asserts that there is no legal obligation to believe what is taught in class and the third one informs that the students who are familiar with the evolution story do not believe in it. That Moriarty committed the murder provides the overall best explanation of the various facts of the case. At the most basic level, addressing these concerns means offering reasons to prefer your own argument to other ones.

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5.2: Cogency and Strong Arguments

what is considered a cogent argument

And we do the same thing when our experience has been less consistent. The fact that all the three premises are taken to be true, substantial grounds is established to believe the conclusion. In this case the effects of reducing pain, drowsiness, and addiction are all assumed to be caused by the drugs listed. In order to control for other variables, I open the study only to white males between the ages of 18 and 25. P2 Jim is a voting American.

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Writer's Web: Reasoning: Arguing Cogently

what is considered a cogent argument

For example, let's say I claim that trees are green because they have leaves. C Therefore, Jim probably voted for Obama. By asking about reasons behind his actions, the What is the opposite of corroboration? For example, this is a reasonably strong inductive argument: Today, John said he likes Romona. The use of the ARG is useful in making deductive or inductive reasoning that is essential in the critical and creative thinking Audi 285. All the premises are true and combine to give the conclusion that is given in the above case.

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2.5: Inductive Strength

what is considered a cogent argument

We could strengthen that argument if we knew that Brandon, Kelly, Steve, and Brenda were all friends with each other as well. Form the three premises a conclusion is the made regarding them that for those who understands the evolution story and do not believe in it should not be given lower grades. This attribute applies to both deductive arguments by virtue of validity and inductive arguments by virtue of inductive strength. For instance, Facebook knows everything about you. If the student body numbers in the tens of thousands, I might want to ask a few more before assuming that the opinions of a few mirror those of the many.

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What is a cogent argument?

what is considered a cogent argument

Inference to the best explanation aims at strength. Tweety is a bird. Induction All of the argument forms we have looked at so far have been deductively valid. Therefore, the example is cogent. C Dick probably also drinks PBR. Another problem we might have with the argument is whether I have asked enough students so that the whole population is well-represented. How do you explain coherence? Otherwise, a deductive argument is unsound.


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Determination of a cogent argument Essay [640 Words] GradeMiners

what is considered a cogent argument

Then the argument looks stronger. Corresponding to the notion of deductive soundness, an inductive argument that is both strong and has true premises is called a cogent inductive argument. Imagine a hypothetical person who denies all of your premises and conclusion. An inductive argument is an argument that is intended by the arguer to be strong enough that, if the premises were to be true, then it would be unlikely that the conclusion is false. Cogency Validity and soundness are properties of deductive arguments.

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Is it true that an argument cannot be both inductive and cogent?

what is considered a cogent argument

P2 Bob drinks PBR. For example, if I say that " What is a cogent question? Cogent reasons are those that lead to a single definite conclusion. A COGENT argument is a strong inductive argument with true premises. I could also make the following observation: P2 I like Sex and the City and Twilight. Can a deductive argument be unsound? P1 Of the 133 people found guilty of homicide last year in Canada, 79% were jailed. Some doctor or other wants to know how many people will go blind if they take a certain amount of some drug for so many years. Thus, cogent reasons are clear and consistent.

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Cogent Argument

what is considered a cogent argument

And it would be much weaker if we had only polled 100. Whereas they have the capacity to retain the knowledge and use it to get better grades, there is no legal requirement that they have to believe in what they are taught. Failing to do so is a logical fallacy known as constructing a " Addressing counterarguments and objections often takes one of the following forms when writing. They did this in the Roman empire, the Mongol empire, and the British empire. But I could be wrong. A weak argument is one where the conclusion does not follow from the premises i. However, circular arguments are fallacious and therefore, bad arguments.

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What Is a Cogent Answer?

what is considered a cogent argument

If the data is consistent with the hypothesis, then the hypothesis is considered confirmed by the data. A bad inductive argument would say: P1 40% of 1000 people who took the drug went blind. The minor premise gives a specific example of something or someone falling into the defined category in the major premise. Some cogent arguments have a false conclusion. We can use an induction by shared relation to make the probable conclusion that if heroin, like the other drugs, reduces pain and causes drowsiness, it is probably also habit forming.

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