Lexical and structural ambiguity. Lexical and Structural Ambiguity Examples 2022-10-09
Lexical and structural ambiguity Rating:
Lexical ambiguity and structural ambiguity are two types of ambiguity that can occur in language. Lexical ambiguity refers to words that have multiple meanings, while structural ambiguity refers to sentences that can be interpreted in more than one way. Both types of ambiguity can cause confusion and misunderstandings, and can make it difficult to accurately convey meaning.
Lexical ambiguity occurs when a single word has multiple meanings, and it can be difficult to determine which meaning is intended in a given context. For example, the word "bat" can refer to a type of flying mammal, or it can refer to a piece of sporting equipment used in baseball or cricket. In order to determine the correct meaning, the context in which the word is used must be considered.
Structural ambiguity, on the other hand, occurs when a sentence can be interpreted in more than one way due to the way it is structured. This can happen when there are multiple possible syntactic structures for a sentence, or when there are words or phrases that can be interpreted in more than one way. For example, the sentence "The old man the boat" could be interpreted in two different ways: either "The old man [verb] the boat," or "The old man [noun] the boat." In the first interpretation, the old man is doing something to the boat, while in the second interpretation, the old man is a type of boat.
Both lexical and structural ambiguity can be problematic in communication, as they can lead to misunderstandings and confusion. In order to avoid ambiguity, it is important to carefully choose words and structure sentences in a way that clearly conveys the intended meaning. This can involve using specific and precise language, and ensuring that the syntax of a sentence is clear and unambiguous.
In conclusion, lexical ambiguity and structural ambiguity are two types of ambiguity that can occur in language, and they can cause confusion and misunderstandings. By carefully choosing words and structuring sentences, it is possible to avoid ambiguity and accurately convey meaning in communication.
Lexical and Structural Ambiguity Examples
The writer conducts a reasearch from Indonesian local newspaper, that is Suara Merdeka. Language of Newspapers In his book, The Language of Newspaper; Socio — Historical Perspective, Conboy 1 says that the language of newspapers has always encapsulated what would they sell to the readers and how the information which they share could best be packaged and presented to achieve the commercial end at a certain time. Visiting relatives can be boring. Without language we cannot communicate with other people properly. This occurs in sentences as a result of the sentence structure, which allows for two or more possible meanings. Ambiguity can be classified into two different categories named lexical and structural ambiguity. In doing research, the source of data were taken from one English textbook and the data were taken from analytical exposition text in reading material which contained the ambiguous words and sentences.
Difference Between Lexical and Structural Ambiguity
Structural Ambiguity: Structural Ambiguity occurs due to the structure of the sentence. And deep structural ambiguity also which consisted into three kinds namely: gerund+object or partciciple modfiying a noun, adjective+invinitive, tied to subject or two complement, ellipsis n comparative constructions. Lexical ambiguity occurs when a word has more than one possible meanings. In linguistics, structural ambiguity is the phenomenon whereby a phrase, sentence, or text can be interpreted in more than one way due to its grammatical structure. Polysemy affects the meaning of words and phrases, and Lexical M ambiguity occurs when a word or phrase is ambiguous.
[PDF] Lexical and structural ambiguities in student writing: An assessment and evaluation of results
There are numerous meanings of words, which creates ambiguity when translated into English. The findings implied that the number of lexical ambiguity are 70 words within synonymy 36,4% , antonymy 17,6% , homonymy 16,5% , polysemy 11,8%. . As a result, the ambiguity in the book creates a level of suspense and intrigue that appeals to readers. People communicate with others by using language. It is the largest Indonesian daily newspaper in Central Java, Indonesia which is made in Semarang, Central Java. Moscovitch Processing Words "Depending on the relationship among the alternative meanings available for a particular word form, lexical ambiguity has been categorized as either polysemous, when meanings are related, or homonymous, when unrelated.
Structural Ambiguity: Structural Ambiguity occurs due to the structure of the sentence. What is an example of semantic ambiguity? Lexical means related to words, from the Greek lexikos. Pen is another word that can refer to a writing utensil or a measure of thickness. In either case, the sentence has two meanings: I invited the person with the microphone, or I invited the person who will have the microphone. What Is Structural Ambiguity And Lexical Ambiguity? Semantic Ambiguity: Claims suffer from semantic ambiguity when they contain a word or words with multiple meanings. A word can lead to something different according to the usage. Lexical ambiguity occurs when a word has more than one possible meanings.
Nevertheless, some people can misunderstand what they hear. It is defined as a sentence with multiple meanings due to its structure. What is Structural Ambiguity? Conceptual meaning is the basic components of meaning carry on literal use of words. For example, the word needle has the meaning of sharp, thin, an instrument for sewing. What Is Syntactic Ambiguity And Examples? Structural ambiguity, also known as syntactic ambiguity, occurs when a phrase or sentence has more than one underlying structure. The data of this research are taken from all titles in each section of the newspaper which has ambiguous meaning. She has made a special pond in the garden to keep it.
What is the Difference Between Lexical and Structural Ambiguity
Key Difference — Lexical vs Structural Ambiguity Ambiguity is the quality of having more than one interpretation. Ambiguity According to Clare par 4 , something is called ambiguous when it can be understood in two or more possible senses or ways. Peter saw his neighbour with binoculars. The literature shows that novice writers such as students are those who suffer from ambiguity the most. This is happening because in this modern era, language is changed.
Lexical Ambiguity According to Grenat and Taher in Al — satil journal 10 , lexical ambiguity refers to the type of ambiguity those results from the occurrence of homonyms. Structural Ambiguity Vs Lexical Ambiguity Lexical ambiguity can be caused by the fact that a word has more than one meaning. Miriam hit the boy with a book. Because there is no singular, clear explanation of the sentence, people attempting to make sense of it are hampered by ambiguity. The speaker may request that someone do something they are not comfortable with in either case.
LEXICAL AND STRUCTURAL AMBIGUITY IN READING ANALYTICAL EXPOSITION TEXT TO THE ELEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
Since the data is taken from newspaper, the writer will take some titles which most likely has ambiguous meaning in both lexically and structurally. If the ambiguity is interpreted as indicating that the ring was interesting, it could be interpreted as indicating that something interesting happened with it. . For example, the word bat has the meaning either a flying mouse-like nocturnal mammal or a piece of equipment used in cricket or baseball. People talk, share their thought, feeling and emotion through language either spoken or written.
This type of ambiguity is often caused by words that can have more than one meaning or by words that have different meanings in different contexts. Given below are some examples of lexical ambiguity. Lexical and Structural Ambiguity Examples Language is the most important thing in our life. Cause: Lexical Ambiguity: Lexical Ambiguity occurs due to polysemy — words having more than one meaning. The phrase can be disambiguated by putting it in a sentence with some sort of formal signals which help the reader or hearer to recognize the sentence structure. The word twisted could be an adjective and is also morphologically ambiguous between the past tense and to twist. Structural Ambiguity: The intended meaning can be understood by the prosodic features such as stress, intonation, etc.
For example, We saw her duck is a paraphrase of We saw her lower her head and of We saw the duck belonging to her. Harriet cannot bear children. There are some sections that are offered by this news, such as headline, business, advertisement, your letters, entertainment, and so on. Associative meaning is like the connotation of words. Ambiguity can be classified into two different categories named lexical and structural ambiguity.