Shia Islam is one of the two main branches of Islam, with the other being Sunni Islam. The distinction between the two branches arose shortly after the death of the Prophet Muhammad, with the majority of Muslims following the leadership of the caliphs, who were chosen by the community, and becoming known as Sunnis. A minority of Muslims, however, believed that leadership should have passed directly to Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law, Ali, and they became known as Shia Muslims.
One of the main differences between the two branches is the belief in the succession of leadership. Shia Muslims believe that leadership should be passed down through a line of imams, or spiritual leaders, who are descended from Muhammad through his daughter Fatima and her husband Ali. These imams are seen as the rightful leaders of the Muslim community and are believed to possess a special understanding of the Qur'an and the teachings of Muhammad.
In addition to their belief in the imams, Shia Muslims also place a strong emphasis on the role of the prophet's family in general. They view the prophet's family, particularly his daughter Fatima, as being of great importance and often seek guidance and spiritual guidance from them.
There are several different schools of Shia Islam, each with its own unique beliefs and practices. The largest and most well-known of these is the Twelver Shia, which is followed by the majority of Shia Muslims. This school believes in the existence of 12 imams, with the twelfth imam, Muhammad al-Mahdi, believed to be in occultation and set to return at the end of time as the savior of humanity.
Another significant school of Shia Islam is the Ismaili Shia, which is found primarily in South Asia and East Africa. This school believes in the existence of seven imams and places a strong emphasis on the role of the prophet's family in spiritual guidance.
There are also several smaller schools of Shia Islam, such as the Zaidi Shia, which is found primarily in Yemen, and the Alawite Shia, which is found primarily in Syria. Each of these schools has its own unique beliefs and practices, but all of them are united in their belief in the special spiritual guidance provided by the imams and the prophet's family.
In conclusion, Shia Islam is one of the two main branches of Islam, with a distinct belief in the succession of leadership through a line of imams descended from Muhammad. There are several different schools of Shia Islam, each with its own unique beliefs and practices, but all of them are united in their belief in the special spiritual guidance provided by the imams and the prophet's family.
Islamic schools and branches
The Psychologies in Religion: Working with the Religious Client. As a direct result of the above-mentioned difference, Sunni scholars believe that Allah can be seen. Retrieved 5 December 2013. This process is known as Islamists تشیع اخوانی is a new denomination within Ismāʿīlī Sevener Main article: In the taʾwīl. London; Kegan Paul International in association with Islamic Publications for The Institute of Ismaili Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
The Abbasid rulers in turn, exhibited the utmost respect towards Imam Malik to the extent that Harun al-Rashid would stand whenever he saw Imam Malik, and then sit on the floor in front of him to listen to what he had to say. In India also there is the majority of the shia muslim who follows the principles of the Ithna-Asharis School. New York: The Islamic Seminary, Inc. Based on the above differences, there is a difference about their attitude towards the Grace of Allah. They are in possession of all knowledge brought by the nabī and the messengers rāsūl. GPO for the Library of Congress. Students from Shia schools attend.
The Sunni scholars say it is not necessary. Retrieved 15 February 2015. New York, NY: HarperCollins. And that Allah is its Creator and its Sender and its Guardian. The Shia movement dates from the period when a group of Muslims wanted Ali ibn abu Talib, the cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet, to become the khalifa instead of Abu Bakr, who had been elected the first khalifa following the death of Muhammad in 632. However, they were out voted. The Oxford Dictionary of Islam.
Following initiation called nasip one becomes a mühip محب. PDF from the original on 17 July 2005. Early Islamic Theology: The Muʿtazilites and al-Ashʿarī — Texts and Studies on the Development and History of Kalām, Vol. Shiats say that Imam must possess above all such qualities as knowledge, bravery, justice, wisdom, piety, love of God etc. Ahmadiyya Islam and the Muslim Diaspora: Living at the End of Days. Ali ultimately became the fourth khalifa, succeeding Uthman, who succeeded Umar, who succeeded Abu Bakr.
Iran has the highest proportion of Shia Muslims of any Muslim country, and its population is only a minority. United States Department of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor. Whenever possible, they spill the blood of Muslims. ایرنا پلاس in Persian. Therefore, we are not independent of Allah, because our freedom is not only given but even sustained by Him.
South Asian migration in comparative perspective, movement, settlement and diaspora. . Retrieved 5 December 2015. This is true, but as a matter of fact, different leaders instruct different ways of approach to each issue. In Hanafi School, if the women Â Â not get any news of her husband, she has to wait till 7 years for Dissolution of the marriage, whereas in Maliki School the women have to wait 2 years for Dissolution of the Marriage. ولایت علی در قرآن کریم و سنت پیامبر، مرکز فرهنگی انتشاراتی منیر، چاپ هفتم. Or we are just a tool in the hands of Allah! PDF on 8 April 2014.
Retrieved 24 March 2009. For instance see Sahih al- Bukhari, Arabic-Englich version, 9. The distinction between the two traditions essentially derives from different approaches to governance. Shia Islam represents 10—20% of Muslims worldwide. African American religious history: a documentary witness.
ʿIlm al-Kalām incorporates kalām is referred to as a mutakallim plural: mutakallimūn as distinguished from philosophers, jurists, and scientists. For example, the Shia view the sayings of Fatima, the daughter of the Prophet, and his cousin Ali Fatima's husband , the fourth khalifa of the Islam, as equally authoritative as the Sunna of the Prophet. Regarding this issue, Ibn Hazm says: Two schools of thought were promoted and spread in the beginning of their emergence by leadership riyasah and the government sultanah. Over that span of time, various schools of jurisprudence have emerged, each with its own interpretation and application of the Sharia. Retrieved 31 July 2019.
Rawḍ al-Qirṭās: Anīs al-Muṭrib bi-Rawd al-Qirṭās fī Akhbār Mulūk al-Maghrib wa-Tārīkh Madīnat Fās. Retrieved 13 March 2012. The second is Medina, which belongs to the Holy Prophet Muhammad, the messenger of God. This meant that legal interpretations were kept flexible to take account of changing conditions and the dynamics of the times. . Eugene, Oregon: Resource Publications.
The Two Main Shi’a Schools Of Law: Imamiyyah And Zaydi
A Short History of the Ismailis. Islam in the African-American Experience 2nded. The Sunni scholars including Mutazilites say that sinlessness is not a condition for leadership. Translated by Liadain Sherrard and Philip Sherrard. Subsequently, Muslim opponents of the Druzes have often relied on Ibn Taymiyya's religious ruling to justify their attitudes and actions against Druzes.