Ramses the ii biography Rating:
Ramses II, also known as Ramses the Great, was the third Pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. He ruled for over sixty years, making him one of the longest-reigning pharaohs in Egyptian history. During his reign, Ramses II oversaw significant military campaigns, expanded the Egyptian empire, and oversaw the construction of numerous buildings and temples. He is considered one of the greatest Pharaohs in Egyptian history, and his legacy continues to be celebrated to this day.
Ramses II was born in 1303 BCE in Ancient Egypt, the son of Pharaoh Seti I and Queen Tuya. He was the second of eleven sons, and his father groomed him from an early age to succeed him as Pharaoh. As a prince, Ramses II received a thorough education in the arts and sciences, as well as in the duties and responsibilities of a Pharaoh. He also received military training and was an accomplished warrior.
Upon his father's death in 1279 BCE, Ramses II ascended to the throne of Egypt. He was just twenty-one years old at the time, but he was well-prepared for the challenges that lay ahead. One of his first tasks as Pharaoh was to secure Egypt's borders and strengthen its military power. He did this by leading several successful military campaigns, including the Battle of Kadesh, a major conflict with the Hittite Empire. This battle ended in a draw, but Ramses II emerged as a strong and respected leader, and the treaty that ended the conflict solidified Egypt's position as a dominant power in the region.
In addition to his military successes, Ramses II is also known for his accomplishments in the arts, sciences, and architecture. He built numerous temples and other buildings throughout Egypt, including the Ramesseum, a temple dedicated to himself and his father. He also commissioned the construction of the Abu Simbel temples, which are considered some of the most impressive and well-preserved ancient temples in Egypt.
Ramses II also encouraged the arts and sciences, and he was a patron of scribes and scholars. He established a library in his palace and commissioned the translation of many ancient texts into hieroglyphics. He was also a patron of the arts, and he supported the creation of many works of art, including sculptures, paintings, and carvings.
Ramses II's reign was not without its challenges, however. He faced several rebellions and uprisings during his sixty-year rule, and he had to work to maintain the loyalty of his subjects. Despite these challenges, he was able to maintain a strong and stable government and lead Egypt to a period of prosperity.
Ramses II died in 1213 BCE at the age of ninety, after a reign of over sixty years. He was buried in the Valley of the Kings, and his mummy was discovered in 1881 CE. Today, he is remembered as one of the greatest Pharaohs in Egyptian history, and his legacy continues to be celebrated in Egypt and around the world.
Ramesses II Biography
Religion was also an essential part of his government, and the high priests of the different temples and gods were also part of his court. The Hittites, based in what is now Turkey, had recently expanded their own empire and conquered Egyptian outposts along the Mediterranean Sea. He played pivotal role in defending the boundaries of Egypt and fought to conquest the lost territories. His new capital city, Pi-Ramesses, featured multiple huge temples and a sprawling palatial complex. Grosse kulturen der welt-Ägypten. On the Reliability of the Old Testament.
Ramses fought bravely, however he was vastly outnumbered and was caught in an ambush by the Hittite army and narrowly escaped death on the battlefield. He was plagued by arthritis Towards the end of his life, Ramses was said to have suffered from arthritis and other diseases. He spent the early years of his reign engaged in extensive building programs and built several cities, temples and monuments. He was pharaoh, or king of Egypt, from 1279 BCE until his death. He had many children, including over 100 sons and daughters.
Ramses did eventually settle his dispute with the Hitites by treaty and by marrying one of the Hitite princesses. He was also fascinated with architecture, building extensively throughout Egypt and Nubia. Ramses II a Temple Builder He began to carry out great constructions such as the temple of Luxor dedicated to Amon-Ra and the beginning of the construction of the Rameseum on the hill Sheikh abd el Gurnah. He supervised the building of a large number of cities, temples and monuments. The early years of his sovereignty were mostly spent in making numerous remarkable monuments, holy places for worship, development of infrastructure and cities. He was an enthusiastic builder, commissioning massive temple complexes across Egypt, such as the Ramesseum and the tomb for his first wife, Nefertari.
Appointed as Prince Regent by his father at the age of 14, Ramesses is believed to have taken the throne in 1279 BC and had the second longest reign in Egyptian history. Retrieved 12 October 2022. Pharaoh Triumphant: The Life and Times of Ramesses II, King of Egypt. He is considered the Ramses was succeeded by his 13th son, Merneptah, who was nearly 60 years when he ascended to the throne. When he was fifteen years old, even before becoming pharaoh, he married Nefertari. Retrieved 4 July 2020. That's an impressive legacy to leave behind.
He was the third pharaoh of Egypt's 19th dynasty. According to historians, he had around two hundred concubines, nintey-six sons, and sixty daughters. How did Ramses 2 died? Civilization or barbarism: an authentic anthropology Firsted. Skirmishes with the Hittites continued over these two cities until 1258 BC, when an official peace treaty was established between the Egyptian pharaoh and Hattusili III, the then king of the Hittites. Upon his death, Ramses II, also known as Ramses the Great, was likely given a traditional ancient Egyptian burial, which would have included a number of rituals and ceremonies.
He was a priest of the God Ptah, scholar, architect, and organizer of events. Over the course of their marriage, they had at least four sons and two daughters, and possibly more, although historians have uncertain evidence of children beyond the six who are clearly mentioned in documents and on carvings. He suffered from several health problems during his last years and died at the age of around 90 in 1213 BC. Today, 39 of the 48 original columns are still standing, but much of the rest of the temple and its statues have long since disappeared. Ramses II was a powerful and influential ruler who left a lasting legacy on ancient Egyptian society and culture. His mummy was recovered in 1881 from Deir-el-Medina and was finally placed in museum of Cairo and Egyptians proudly put his mummy to exhibitions.
Ramses II in the battle of Qadesh Thanks to this triumph, Ramses will dedicate himself to reconquer the old frontiers in Asian and African lands. The size of the territory governed by Ramses II was immense, so he ordered to build a new city in the area of Tanis which he would call Per-Ramses, making it the capital, leaving Thebes, former capital, away from the political environment. Ramses II is best known for his military victories, which expanded the Egyptian empire and brought prosperity to the kingdom. This monument was deemed so extrordinary that when it was threatened by the building of the Aswan Dam many nations went together and "rescued" it. Ramesses was succeeded by his son Merneptah. He even lived longer than many of them.
The tomb paintings throughout this complex are considered amongst the highest achievements in all of ancient Egyptian art. Das alte Ägypten in German. Only fragments of the base and torso remain of the In 1255BC, Ramesses and his queen The great temple of Ramesses II at Abu Simbel was discovered in 1813 by the Swiss Orientalist and traveler Other Nubian monuments As well as the temples of Abu Simbel, Ramesses left other monuments to himself in Nubia. However, it is likely that Ramses II was a tall and imposing figure, as he is often depicted in artwork and statues as a muscular and powerful man. After a few years of peace, revolts arise again in the Asian areas, so the confrontation between Egypt and Hatti resurfaces. Retrieved 17 March 2007. They even betrayed the Egyptians convoys in the time of peace and complete authority dominance of Egyptians.
Later, he married one of the daughters he had had with Nefertari, Merytamon. Abu-Simbel Temple On the 33rd anniversary of his reign, he decided to marry the firstborn of King Hattusil, Mathorneferure. He was mummified upon his death and his mummy is now preserved in the Egyptian Museum at Cairo. Besides his personal relationships, Ramses II also maintained good relationships with his court officials. With her, he had his first son named Amonherunemef. Those included the gigantic temples of Abu Simbel, a rock monument to himself and his queen Nefertari and the Ramesseum, his mortuary temple.
Over a period of years, engineers dismantled the face of the mountain with all it's carving and it's interior temple rooms and relocated them out of the way of the flooding in 1967. Ramses II is credited with creating temples and funerary complexes across all of Egypt, as well as expanding and renovating old structures. In this way peace would be maintained with the king of Hatti. Retrieved 30 March 2019. Ramses II came up with army of twenty thousand armed men and was faced by Muwatalli II then king of Hittite with more than forty thousand troops of men and it was fought on the land of kadesh. In addition to his military and building projects, Ramses II is also remembered for his cultural achievements.