Apa style introduction sample. APA style 2022-10-10
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APA (American Psychological Association) style is a set of guidelines for writing and formatting research papers in the social sciences. It is commonly used in psychology, education, and other social sciences. The APA style has specific guidelines for the formatting of the title page, abstract, main body, and reference list. In this essay, we will discuss the basic components of an APA style introduction and provide a sample introduction for reference.
The introduction is the first section of a research paper and is usually located at the beginning of the paper. It serves as an overview of the research study and provides the reader with a context for the research. The introduction should include a statement of the research problem or question, a brief overview of the relevant literature, and a statement of the research objectives or hypotheses.
The first element of an APA style introduction is the title page. The title page should include the title of the paper, the author's name, and the institutional affiliation. The title should be centered on the page and should be in bold font. The title should be concise and should accurately reflect the content of the paper.
The next element of an APA style introduction is the abstract. The abstract is a brief summary of the main points of the paper and is usually located on the second page of the paper. The abstract should be no more than 250 words and should provide a clear overview of the research study. It should include the purpose of the study, the research question or problem, the methods used, the results, and the conclusion.
The main body of an APA style introduction should include a review of the relevant literature. This should provide an overview of the research that has been conducted on the topic and should highlight any gaps in the research that the current study aims to address. It should also include a statement of the research objectives or hypotheses, which should be clearly defined and supported by the literature review.
Finally, the reference list is an important part of an APA style introduction. The reference list should include a list of all the sources cited in the paper, listed in alphabetical order by the last name of the first author. The reference list should be formatted according to the guidelines provided in the APA style manual.
Below is a sample APA style introduction for a research paper on the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy for treating depression:
Title: The Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Treating Depression
Depression is a common mental health disorder that can have serious negative impacts on an individual's quality of life. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a widely used treatment for depression that focuses on the identification and modification of negative thought patterns and behaviors. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of CBT in reducing symptoms of depression. A literature review was conducted, and several studies were analyzed that examined the use of CBT in the treatment of depression. The results of these studies suggest that CBT is an effective treatment for reducing symptoms of depression and improving overall functioning.
Depression is a prevalent mental health disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a lack of interest in activities that were previously enjoyable. Depression can have serious negative impacts on an individual's quality of life and can lead to difficulties in relationships, work, and overall functioning. It is important to identify and treat depression in order to improve the quality of life for those affected by the disorder.
One treatment option for depression is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). CBT is a type of therapy that focuses on the identification and modification of negative thought patterns and behaviors. It aims to help individuals develop coping skills and make
Level 1 states how a research paper must be organized by including a title page, an abstract, an introduction, the methodology, the results, a discussion, and references. Less attention has been paid to the direct connections to language development. Washington, DC: APA Archives. There are many sample tables and figures, including basic student-friendly examples such as bar graphs. Begin Your Introduction A good introduction makes an intriguing assertion that your paper will then address. Level 2 specifies the style of writing. The Language of Psychology: APA Style as Epistemology.
Which one should you use? The American Psychological Association: A Historical Perspective. Prior to the seventh edition, if the journal cited employed continuous pagination throughout a volume, only the volume number was listed in the reference list. Anne Pyburn Craig has written for a range of regional and local publications ranging from in-depth local investigative journalism to parenting, business, real estate and green building publications. Meeting of the Council of Editors Agenda book. The guidelines were developed to aid reading comprehension in the social and behavioral sciences, for clarity of communication, and for "word choice that best reduces The APA became involved in journal publishing in 1923. Particularly influential were the "Guidelines for Nonsexist Language in APA Journals," first published as a modification to the 1974 edition, which provided practical alternatives to sexist language then in common usage. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
How to Write an Introduction & Conclusion for an APA Style Paper
Whole book Author, A. Evans; Virginia Staudt Sexton; Thomas C. Center your title on the page; don't use boldface type or underlining with the title. For example, you could write an opening introduction that reads like this: Psychologists have recently found previously-undiscovered effects of classical music on the brain of a child under three. Or is it something else? The manual addresses The manual has hundreds of reference examples, including formats for audiovisual media, social media, and webpages. On the next line, indent an inch using the tab key and begin your introduction paragraph. .
The Publication Manual Revision Task Force of the American Psychological Association established parameters for the revision based on published critique; user comments; commissioned reviews; and input from psychologists, nurses, librarians, business leaders, publishing professionals, and APA governance groups. Jaschik, Scott; Lederman, Doug eds. The American psychologist, 50 6 , 428-436. Instead put it into logical order in the body of your paper like a series of steps the reader can climb, illustrating the connections between each piece that reinforce your thesis. The book also includes new journal article reporting standards for qualitative and mixed methods research in addition to updated standards for quantitative research. End with a suggestion to your reader that encourages further study or action. If the source is undated, the abbreviation n.
A typical APA-style research paper fulfills 3 levels of specification. Your Conclusion The conclusion of an APA paper is the final paragraph where you restate your thesis and tie together supporting ideas you have referenced, spelled out and argued for in earlier paragraphs. Retrieved February 27, 2020. Format Your Introduction The introduction is the first paragraph of the main body of your paper. The bias-free language guidelines have also been updated to reflect current best practices for talking about people's personal characteristics.
APA Publication Manual was published in 1952 as a 61-page supplement to the Psychological Bulletin, Primarily known for the simplicity of its reference citation style, the Manual also established standards for language use that had far-reaching effects. The sixth edition is accompanied by a style website as well as the APA Style Blog which answers many common questions from users. Retrieved October 27, 2011. It must minimize literary devices, use technical terms appropriately, and be direct. Referencetype Template Example Journal article with a DOI Author, A.
Referencing Study Results When referencing a study's results in your writing, give a quick summary of relevant background in APA style formatting. The goal of the book is to help people become better writers and communicators by promoting clarity, precision, and inclusivity. APA style puts an strong emphasis on being concise and clear and discourages overly-poetic language and metaphor. Journal Title, Volume Issue , page range. Use a serif typeface, such as Times New Roman, and set your word processing program to double space the lines. Writing an engaging introduction and an elegant conclusion are important parts of the process. Meeting of the Publications and Communications Board Agenda book.
The reference format varies depending on the document type e. Retrieved February 27, 2020. Some examples relating to the classical music effect on children introduction might be: "Smith 1978 studied toddlers raised backstage at rock concerts and concluded that their language development was accelerated six months beyond that of his control group. If you are writing a paper in the social sciences, the writing style developed by the American Psychological Association APA is the most accepted option. Edited book chapter with a DOI Author, A. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. If a reference is not cited in the text, it should not be included in the reference list.
The APA explained the issuing of a new edition only eight years after the fifth edition by pointing to the increased use of online source or online access to academic journals 6th edition, p. She frequently writes tourism and lifestyle articles for chamber of commerce publications and is a respected book reviewer. Webpage on a website Author, A. If your instructor requires you to write an abstract, your paper will begin on the page after the abstract; otherwise, begin on the page following the title page. In addition, formatting of abstracts and title pages must be as per the APA manual of style.
Archives of Scientific Psychology, 4 1 , 32—37. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Determining what kind of writing style to use may be confusing with acronyms like MLA, AP and APA. The crisis of confidence in research findings in psychology: Is lack of replication the real problem? Retrieved February 27, 2020. This suggests a positive correlation between exposure to music and early language learning.