Texas constitution of 1869. Constitution of Texas (1869) 2022-10-30
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The Texas Constitution of 1869 was the third constitution adopted by the state of Texas since it became a state in 1845. The previous two constitutions, adopted in 1845 and 1861, had both been largely ineffective in addressing the needs and concerns of the state and its citizens. The 1869 constitution was a response to the challenges and changes that the state had faced during the Civil War and Reconstruction period.
One of the major goals of the 1869 constitution was to reestablish the state's authority and sovereignty after the Civil War. The preamble of the constitution declares that the "natural right of self-government" had been "violently wrested" from the people of Texas during the war, and that the new constitution was being adopted "in order to establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity."
The 1869 constitution was also designed to address the social and economic issues that had been exacerbated by the war. It included provisions to protect the rights of freed slaves and ensure their equal treatment under the law, including the right to vote and hold public office. The constitution also established a public school system, recognizing the importance of education in the state's future development.
In addition to addressing social and economic issues, the 1869 constitution included numerous provisions related to the structure and powers of the state government. It established a bicameral legislature consisting of a Senate and a House of Representatives, with the power to levy taxes and regulate commerce. It also created a judiciary system, with the Supreme Court serving as the highest court in the state.
One of the unique features of the 1869 constitution was its emphasis on decentralization and local control. It granted significant powers to county governments, allowing them to regulate their own affairs and manage their own finances. This decentralization of power was seen as a way to ensure that the state government was responsive to the needs and concerns of its citizens.
Overall, the Texas Constitution of 1869 was a significant document in the state's history. It marked a new beginning for Texas after the tumultuous years of the Civil War and Reconstruction, and established a framework for the state's future development. Its provisions on social and economic issues, as well as its emphasis on decentralization and local control, continue to shape the state's political and legal landscape to this day.
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Permission for the legislature to call a new constitutional convention was withheld, but the amendment procedure was unchanged. The first six previous constitutions began from 1827 to 1869. Slavery was forbidden, and the equality of all persons before the law was recognized. Crisis Theory and Resiliency Theory are critical. Under Section 16 of this article, the Lieutenant Governor automatically assumes the power of Governor if and when the Governor travels outside of the state, or is subject to impeachment by the Texas House of Representatives.
Many felt that it was one of the longest and most unsatisfactory of Texas constitutions. All commissions are signed by the Governor, being affixed with the State Seal and attested to by the Secretary of State. A poll tax was authorized; its receipts, along with the income from the school lands and one-fourth of the annual taxes, went to the school fund. All officers while subject to impeachment charges are suspended until the verdict by the Senate has been delivered. Archived from PDF on 2012-10-29. Introduction Karl Popper and Thomas Kuhn offer the most influential works written in the twentieth century on scientific discovery.
What did the Texas Constitution of 1869 do to meet the demands of reconstruction? The House of Representatives was set at ninety members and the Senate at thirty. All elections were held at the county seat and had to continue through four consecutive days. It was never amended and was in effect for only a few years before Texas joined the United States. Walker, "Intent of the Framers in the Education Provisions of the Texas Constitution of 1876 ", 10 Rev. Curzon, "Antenuptial Agreements: Perspectives on the Texas Constitution and the Community Property System", 56 Tex. The convicted remains subject to trial, indictment and punishment according to law.
The previous six were adopted in 1827 while Texas was still part of At 86,936 words, the constitution is the second-longest As with many state constitutions, it explicitly provides for the separation of powers and incorporates its bill of rights directly into the text of the constitution as Article I. It was a very short document based heavily on the U. The Constitution is the foundational governing document of the State of Texas, second only to the U. . It also for the first time gave the governor the power to exercise a line-item veto over budget provisions.
Texas State Law Library. Archived from PDF on 2018-06-09. As of 2019, the current constitution has been amended 498times. Its work was gathered up under orders of the military officers, published as the Constitution of 1869, and accepted by the electorate. . Portal to Texas History. The House of Representatives was set at ninety members and the Senate at thirty.
However, not everyone has the potential to be a thought leader. The Constitution of 1876 began with a lengthy bill of rights. The document had been adopted by the Texas Constitutional Convention in September of 1875. It requires that the legislature publish a notice in Once an amendment passes it is compiled into the existing framework i. This Constitution is notable for more explicitly abolishing slavery and guaranteeing civil rights to all citizens, in compliance with the Reconstruction Acts passed by Congress. Storey, "Does Texas Need a New Constitution? Sessions were held annually.
. Dealing with Disaster: Analyzing the Emergency Constitutions of the US States. If the bill does not pass by this majority it takes effect on the first day of the next fiscal year September 1. The changes were few and had revisions of statements to show the integration of the state in the alliance. The attorney general and secretary of state were appointed by the governor; other officials were elected by the voters. However, the proposed revision failed by only 3 votes and was never submitted to the voters.
This Constitution is notable mainly for creating Texas' free public school system and school funding system. All judicial offices were appointive. The preface of the bill of rights of the new document reflected the sentiments of its makers in its condemnation of nullification and secession. What is the Texas Constitution? It also created the state's unusual double supreme court system. Representatives served two-year terms while Senators were elected for four years. The Constitution of the State of Texas is the document that establishes the structure and function of the government of the U. The programs, implemented by greater taxation, drew heavy criticism from many citizens, and though it may have laid some of the foundations for a strong educational system, as well as strengthening the branches of state government, the Constitution of 1869 sparked much controversy among political and social factions in Texas.
Many felt that it was one of the longest and most unsatisfactory of Texas constitutions. No Sir; give us the ballot and give it to us for all time, and then if you can outrun us in the race of life, all is well. Permission for the legislature to call a new constitutional convention was withheld, but the amendment procedure was unchanged. Text of all amendments added to the Texas Constitution since 1876. The programs, implemented by greater taxation, drew heavy criticism from many citizens, and though it may have laid some of the foundations for a strong educational system, as well as strengthening the branches of state government, the Constitution of 1869 sparked much controversy among political and social factions in Texas. Judgement in impeachment cases does not extend beyond removal from office and disqualification from public office. Tarlton Law Library, Jamail Center for Legal Research.
Finally, the Secretary of State who has the constitutional duty of keeping the Seal of the State is appointed by the Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. What differentiates Texas from the other states is its unique past as a state. However, the act had different provisions that disgraced many citizens, leading to the establishment of the next show. It stated that Texas was an independent and free state that was only subject to the action of America and that all free individuals have similar rights. It became longer and more detailed, although it was still nowhere near the length it would eventually become. In Print Print versions of the Texas Constitution may be found in A Compilation and Analysis of the 1998 Texas Constitution and the Original 1876 Text, located in the library at call number KFT1601 1876.