Postmodernism and globalization. The Matrix of Postmodernism and Globalization 2022-10-27
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Postmodernism and globalization are two complex and multifaceted phenomena that have significantly impacted contemporary culture, society, and politics. Both have been the subject of much discussion and debate, and have generated a wide range of responses and interpretations.
Postmodernism is a philosophical and cultural movement that emerged in the latter half of the 20th century, and is characterized by a skepticism towards grand narratives, universal truth claims, and the perceived certainty of modernity. It is associated with a deconstruction of traditional ways of thinking and the rejection of the idea that there is a single, objective reality. Instead, postmodernists argue that reality is constructed by language, power dynamics, and cultural narratives, and that there is no inherent meaning or value in the world.
Globalization, on the other hand, refers to the increasing interconnectedness and interdependence of the world's economies, cultures, and populations. It is driven by advances in transportation, communication, and technology, which have facilitated the movement of goods, people, and ideas across national borders. Globalization has had a profound impact on the way we live, work, and communicate, and has led to the emergence of a globalized culture that is influenced by a range of factors, including economic, political, and technological forces.
One of the ways in which postmodernism and globalization intersect is through the proliferation of media and communication technologies, which have facilitated the spread of diverse cultural influences and the erosion of traditional boundaries. The internet, for example, has made it possible for people to access a wide range of information and perspectives from around the world, and has allowed for the emergence of virtual communities and networks that transcend physical borders. At the same time, the media has played a significant role in shaping public discourse and influencing the way we perceive and understand the world.
Another way in which postmodernism and globalization intersect is through the concept of identity. In a globalized world, individuals are often confronted with multiple, overlapping identities that are shaped by their nationality, ethnicity, religion, gender, and other factors. This can lead to a sense of disorientation and a lack of belonging, as people struggle to reconcile their different identities and find their place in the world. Postmodernism, with its skepticism towards traditional identities and its emphasis on individuality and self-creation, can be seen as a response to this sense of fragmentation and rootlessness.
There are, however, a range of criticisms and debates surrounding both postmodernism and globalization. Some argue that postmodernism has led to a relativistic and nihilistic worldview that undermines traditional values and the pursuit of truth. Others argue that globalization has contributed to economic inequality and the erosion of cultural diversity, as well as environmental degradation.
In conclusion, postmodernism and globalization are complex and multifaceted phenomena that have had a significant impact on contemporary culture, society, and politics. While they have generated a range of responses and interpretations, they have also been the subject of much debate and critique. Ultimately, the relationship between postmodernism and globalization is complex and multifaceted, and requires ongoing examination and reflection.
The Matrix of Postmodernism and Globalization
Meanwhile, by the time the work of architects such as Venturi and Jencks was published, other observers were beginning to detect similar developments outside of architecture. Yet it must continuously tackle the challenge that Information Technology is related to knowledge and its possibility and the corollary that it is becoming increasingly difficult to prevent one from obtaining this knowledge and using the same technology to disseminate alternative points of view. Postmodernism emerged as a movement against modernism because the latter failed to put its principles into practice. In what follows, we first distill the heuristic models employed by various knowledge-geographical traditions of social thought in conceptualizing postmodernism. Far from being new, it is, in fact, a natural extension and continuation of colonialism and modernity. These limitations, by the 1950s, led to the development of new forms of architecture that were less rigidly functional and more ornamental, combining aspects of different architectural styles from different historical periods.
Postmodernism and Globalization in Ethnomusicology: An Epistemological Problem by Andy H. Nercessian
In general, modernism is considered as an artistic and literary movement accompanied by the lack of homogeneity and conformity that developed within the mainstream of scientific realms and structuralism. The image refers to a moment of barbarism, having no reference to the chain of events which lead to it, while depriving the African of a voice. For Lyotard the very parameters of the new condition were set by the discrediting of socialism as the last grand narrative—ultimate version of an emancipation that no longer held meaning. It is clear, however, that many observers, in the 1960s and 1970s, noted that a new form of cultural production seemed to be emerging. We can nevertheless delineate a few basic aspects in its operation: a The Use of Information Technology: Here the first contradiction arises. If that is what culture becomes, then it is the rotting corpse of a dead system of thought and understanding, the dried husk of a worldview that no longer interacts with the real world we inhabit.
Postmodernism and Globalization in Wong Kar Wai's Films by Nga
Modernity was framed by, what are called in technical jargon of cultural studies, Grand Narratives: that is, Big Ideas that give sense and direction to life. Aspiring serial killers can vent their bloodlust in a whole range of special sites and newsgroups where allegedly ordinary citizens mostly American describe in graphic detail how they would like to cut, suffocate, torture, maim, and otherwise mutilate the objects of their sexual desires — which are often little kids! Serial killers may always have been with us but never before have they had such a dominant hold over the popular imagination. But with the transformation of the capitalist mode of production, and the omnipotent predominance of financial capital in the socio-economic structure, the financial support given to the mainstream media changed in meaning. Quawwali, the devotional music of India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, becomes funky, so what was meant to be sung to the simple rhythm of traditional drums and hand-clapping in praise of God and Prophet Muhammad, is sung to a syncopated rock beat generated by synthesizers. The Origins of Postmodernity. However, by the end of the 1980s, his enthusiasm for the revolutionary possibilities of the movement seemed to have waned.
Globalization should be seen as a continuation of modernism and postmodernism periods. Book-length studies such as those by Brian McHale and by Linda Hutcheon provide excellent overviews of the phenomenon up to the time of their publication in the late 1980s, when postmodernism was first beginning to emerge as a fully-formed cultural phenomenon. Importantly, however, while modernist literature is also often formally fragmented, this fragmentation, according to Jameson, is enlisted in a battle against the ideology of realism, which is essentially the same as the ideology of capitalism in its classic stage. Silence of the Lambs is one in only three films in the history of the Oscars to take all five top awards best picture, best director, best actor, best actress, best screenplay in the same year. Globalization theory in France and Germany are largely non-existent or tangential for similar reasons that find opposite tendencies.
Three of concepts: Modernism, Postmodernism and globalization
The negative consequences resulting from Postmodernism will therefore be felt the most in fact in the imperialist centers rather than the peripheries of the Third World. The critical literature on postmodernism is vast and diverse. Postmodernism, or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism. Doctorow, Kathy Acker, and Thomas Pynchon that was central to the early development of the very notion that a new era of cultural production was underway. New York: Methuen, 1987. This unfettered capitalism, among other things, leads to a radical fragmentation of experience—both because of the tendency of capitalism to compartmentalize various phenomena for more efficient management and because the emphasis on innovation and expansion in capitalism lends an ephemeral quality to all aspects of existence.
This phenomenon goes beyond Arabs to other Middle Eastern writers, as when the distinguished Turkish novelist Elif Şafak also now writes largely in English. Consumerist Orientalism: The Convergence of Arab and American Popular Culture in the Age of Global Capitalism. Among the key factors predicting the fortunes of heuristic models is the continuation of classical theoretical concerns in the present situation of globalization. Modernism ultimately emerges in the view of Hassan and many others as a conservative, elitist movement, while postmodernism emerges as a brash challenge to the very values that modernism supports. Postmodernism induces panic in all forms of passive and militant outlooks and thus not only renders them ineffective against its all-pervasive nihilism but makes them self-destructive. Truth is relative, contingency is everything: or as Richard Rorty, the American guru of postmodernism, puts it, nothing has an intrinsic nature which may be expressed or represented and everything is a product of time and chance.
Actually, the phenomenon of postmodernism in its contemporary sense was first noticed and named in the 1950s in relation to architecture, where the turn to a new style of production was immediately obvious. These changes are in line with development and improvement aims and interests the countries. Bollywood is a good example of this. It emphasizes relations between these entities in the process of development and evolution of societies and views this process as an unavoidable fact. Everything has to be deconstructed.
It was Charles Jencks, with Language of Post-modern Architecture 1977 , who for the first time clearly articulated these new developments within the context of what he called postmodernism. Postmodernism, then, is the art that appears after this resistance has collapsed, leaving capitalism free to advance without opposition from this art. Post-classical tendencies in heuristic models indicate that more cloistered postmodern concerns do not transfer well to globalization. It displays a different type of interaction with given circumstances in the imperialist centers than it does with the same set of circumstances where they exist in the peripheries. The postmodern thesis that everything is relative is incapable of suggesting that anything is in some distinctive way itself, with its own history.
Music from Zaire, the Solomon Islands, Burundi, the Sahel, Iran, Turkey, and elsewhere is freely blended with New Age electronics and rock beats to make them palatable to Western tastes. We explain what Postmodernism is, its characteristics and its position on modernity. And Mahfouz was only the forerunner of many more recent Arab novelists whose work has engaged in significant dialogues with Western literature. It simply means that other forces like Islam in the Middle East still have power there as well and that these forces are not necessarily aligned with capitalism—or might even be aligned against it. Rushdie thus epitomizes the global nature of postmodernism. The psychic fragmentation that Jameson sees as central to the lives of individuals under late capitalism is also directly related to the formal fragmentation that he sees as crucial to postmodern art. The critical literature on postmodernism is vast and diverse.
For postmodernists, knowledge is acquired not through inquiry but by imagination. This materialist aspect of video clips understandably reinforces the concern of some in the Arab world that the clips are undermining traditional Islamic values. Films like True Lies, Executive Decision, and Indiana Jones and the Temple of Temple of Doom portray the non-Europeans as barbaric and bloodthirsty bigots. New York: Routledge, 1988. It simply means that other forces like Islam in the Middle East still have power there as well and that these forces are not necessarily aligned with capitalism—or might even be aligned against it. But it was One Hundred Years of Solitude that truly ignited magic realism as a phenomenon in world literature.