Globalized agriculture ap human geography. Free AP Human Geography Flashcards about AP Human Geo Unit 5 2022-10-21
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Globalized agriculture refers to the expansion and intensification of agricultural practices on a global scale, driven by advances in technology, transportation, and trade. This phenomenon has had significant impacts on both the natural environment and human societies around the world. In this essay, we will examine the key features of globalized agriculture and its implications for human geography.
One of the defining features of globalized agriculture is the increased reliance on industrial farming practices. These practices often involve the use of large amounts of chemical fertilizers and pesticides, as well as the mechanization of tasks such as planting and harvesting. Industrial farming allows for the production of larger quantities of food at a lower cost, but it can also have negative impacts on the environment, including soil degradation and water pollution.
Another aspect of globalized agriculture is the increased trade in agricultural products. The expansion of global trade networks has facilitated the movement of agricultural goods around the world, leading to the proliferation of large-scale export-oriented agriculture in many countries. This has led to the concentration of production in certain regions, while other areas have become dependent on imports.
The globalization of agriculture has also had significant impacts on the structure and organization of rural communities. In many cases, small-scale farmers have been displaced by large-scale agribusiness operations, leading to the concentration of land and resources in the hands of a few. This has contributed to the decline of rural populations and the emergence of more urbanized societies.
One of the main criticisms of globalized agriculture is that it often fails to take into account the needs and rights of local communities. Large-scale agriculture can have negative impacts on the environment and local food systems, and it can also lead to the exploitation of labor and the erosion of traditional cultures.
Despite these challenges, globalized agriculture remains a significant force in the global economy, and it is likely to continue to shape the patterns of human geography in the coming years. As such, it is important for policymakers and stakeholders to consider the impacts of globalized agriculture on both the natural environment and human societies, and to work towards more sustainable and equitable food systems.
Free AP Human Geography Flashcards about AP Human Geo Unit 5
Much of the returned water is heavily charged with salts removed from irrigated soils, making it unfit for human use. Rural-to-urban migration increasing the population density to eastern China C. Unlimited farmland encourages intensive farming with intercropping to produce high yields. AP Human Geo Unit 5 AP Human Geography Agricultural Question Answer Agrarian a person who advocates the political interests of working farmers; of, or relating to, the ownership, tenure and cultivation of land Agribusiness is a generic term for the various businesses involved in food production, including farming and contract farming, seed supply, agrichemicals, farm machinery, wholesale and distribution, processing, marketing, and retail sales Agricultural industrialization Agricultural landscape Agricultural location model An attempt to explain the pattern of agricultural land use in terms of accessibility, costs, distance, and prices. The early hearth of tea plant domestication is located in Sri Lanka. Pasture land is the most valuable land since more is needed to raise livestock in a ranching environment.
Agricultural production with a focus on monocropping cash crops creates more vulnerability in a country's exports if consumer preferences shift to a different commodity. Small farms now account for only 10% of US food production. The development of high-yield grains and the expansion of cultivated areas B. Need for more water bc of genetically modified crops, and many countries don't have the access to water. A company with a market orientation locates its manufacturing centers close to the most profitable markets because the composite parts cost less to ship than the finished product; therefore, it is cost effective to be as close as possible to the best possible markets. Such animals include alpacas, silkworms, Angora rabbits, and Merino sheep although fiber may sometimes simply be a side-product of meat production.
Contract harvesters are at risk in more developed countries, whereas environmental pollution is a risk in less developed countries. Commercial farmers compare two costs; cost of land vs cost of transportation. Environmental modification through the deliberate manipulation of natural processes - the dynamics, composition or structure of the Earth, including its biota, lithosphere, hydrosphere and atmosphere, or of outer space Extensive subsistence agriculture is self-sufficiency farming in which farmers grow only enough food to feed their families. For example, you cannot support widespread rice cultivation in Egypt or Greenland!. The Green Revolution was not successful in China because the strain of rice produced was prone to widespread crop failures, and China dropped out of the program.
Which of the following explains why multiple early hearths of domestication and diffusion of plants and animals arose across the world in Central America, the Fertile Crescent, the Indus River valley, and Southeast Asia? Labor is done manually Mediterranean Agriculture Farming in the land surrounding the Mediterranean Sea also in lands with similar climates Mineral Fuels Natural resources containing hydrocarbons, which are not derived from animal or plant sources Mining — Extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the Earth, usually from an ore body, vein, or coal seam. Agricultural Geography Definition Agriculture is the practice of cultivating plants and animals for human use. Being responsible for feeding the entire human population is hard work. While different cultures had always shared ideas and economic products, the nineteenth century saw a rapid rise in globalization that has continued into the twenty first century thanks to improved transportation, communication, mass culture, and foreign investment. In the South Asian country of Sri Lanka, tea is farmed as a monoculture.
AP HuG Unit 5 Study Guide: The Global System of Agriculture Overview (2020)
Commodity chains have led to changes in the spatial organization of agriculture from dispersed family farms to large corporate farms that produce, process, and distribute the products. But the long struggle to feed the human population through agriculture has not been without its challenges. The second ring, because livestock are heavy and more expensive to transport to market. Drought and depletion of groundwater sources in developing countries cause a rise in global grain prices and associated higher costs for food. Hanley Rd, Suite 300 St.
For example, countries like Egypt, Benin, Laos, and Somalia are highly dependent upon wheat from Ukraine and Russia, the export of which was disrupted by the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine. Agriculture, like the collection of any natural resources, is considered part of the primary economic sector. Tapering in nature Ethnics , and food labeling not required in some countries. Which of the following best explains why the New England region, located in the northeastern United States, would specialize in market gardening agriculture rather than other types of agriculture, such as grain farming? Take a look at the map below, which shows relative arable land by country. Forested areas are the highest land value since they are often preserved for parks and natural activities. Domestication of plants and animals began in Central America and the process diffused to other areas through the early explorers.
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Biotech is developed mainly in laboratories and is then tested on farm fields worldwide. Wyoming is a major cattle-ranching area. Which of the following explains the role of commodity chains in the average size of farms? Building terraces on sloping land to grow rice, which destabilizes hillsides C. About 12,000 years ago, people living in Southwest Asia began to grow crops and raise animals intentionally. The end of famine in the world Sheep production in New Zealand and poultry production in Arkansas produce food animals for human consumption. The Third Agricultural Revolution involved hybridization and genetic engineering of products and the increased use of pesticides and fertilizers. Food Manufacturing the Green Revolution has increased production to avoid widespread famine.
Free AP Human Geography Flashcards about APHG Agriculture #2
Extractive industry Industry that involves mining, such as to obtain copper or other valuable minerals found in the. Palm oil exports provided substantial corporate profits, but the growth in the industry resulted in heavy deforestation in both countries. Runoff from animal waste has increased the pollution in local water supplies. From the beginning of agriculture in that region, and later in a few other regions, agriculture diffused throughout the world. Farmers' health is at risk in less developed countries, whereas environmental pollution is a risk in more developed countries. They lived in small groups less than 50 people , traveled frequently following game and seasonal growth of plants Intensive Subsistence Agriculture A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximum feasibly yield from a parcel of land.