Functionalism and gender inequality. Functionalism and gender inequalities 2022-10-04
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Functionalism is a sociological theory that focuses on the ways in which different parts of society contribute to the stability and cohesion of the whole. According to functionalists, each aspect of society serves a specific function and performs a specific role in maintaining social order. While functionalism has been a useful tool for understanding the role of various social institutions in maintaining social stability, it has also been criticized for its inability to adequately address issues of social inequality, particularly with regard to gender.
One of the key criticisms of functionalism is that it tends to reproduce and reinforce existing social inequalities, rather than challenging them. For example, functionalists may argue that traditional gender roles, in which men are expected to be breadwinners and women are expected to be homemakers, serve a functional purpose in maintaining social stability and cohesion. However, this perspective ignores the ways in which these traditional gender roles contribute to gender inequality by limiting the opportunities and choices available to women and reinforcing male dominance.
Another criticism of functionalism is that it tends to view social phenomena as natural and inevitable, rather than as the result of historical and cultural influences. This can lead to the idea that social inequalities, such as gender inequality, are simply the way things are and cannot be changed. This can discourage attempts to challenge and address these inequalities, and may even serve to justify them.
Despite these criticisms, functionalism can be a useful perspective for understanding the role of social institutions in maintaining social stability. However, it is important to recognize that functionalism alone is not sufficient for understanding and addressing issues of social inequality. It is necessary to also consider the ways in which social inequalities are constructed and maintained, and to work towards creating more equitable and just societies. This may involve challenging and transforming traditional gender roles and other systems of power and privilege that contribute to social inequality. Overall, functionalism can provide a valuable perspective on the role of social institutions in maintaining social stability, but it is important to recognize its limitations and to consider other perspectives in order to fully understand and address issues of social inequality.
Functionalism and gender inequality Flashcards
The seven types are Mortality, Natality, Basic-Facility, Special- Opportunity, Professional, Ownership and Household Inequality. Race as a social construction: changes based on political, economic, cultural, and historical events. One of the most identifiable effects of racial discrimination in education and training is the negative impact it has on the performance of children at school. The Feminist perspective focuses on how gender inequality is key to all behavior. These are achieved statuses.
Gender Inequalities: "Past" Issues and Future Possibilities
When a system of social inequality is based on a hierarchy of groups, sociologists refer to it as stratification: a structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power in a society. Although some people say that education is only intended to teach the individual enough Sociological Perspectives On Health And Social Care Amina Isa Ali ID: 845368 Unit 7: Sociological Perspectives in Health and Social Care. In central Asia and Europe, the decline in the manufacturing sector and the increase in the service sector favours women World Bank, 2014. Thus gender, like other social institutions, contributes to the stability of society as a whole. These parts may be functional, which means that the society has beneficial consequences. In order to further illustrate the presence of …show more content… The functionalists including Talcott Parsons, an American sociologist, believe in the ideal nuclear family.
Gender Inequality According to Functionalist and Marxist...
They may also be dysfunctional, which means that society will have negative consequences. Behind the inequalities that exist especially in the workplace and education is sexism and gender… Gender Roles in the Play Trifles Gender roles have caused strain over decades to not only females, but recently males as well. By allowing for gender quotas we allow women to have equal opportunities to participate just as men are able to participate in political live Htun, 2004. The governmental professionals are of Marxists viewpoints and beliefs. Similarly, Utsa Mukherjee 2018 notes a watershed moment for India but also for the global queer rights movement, given the current move of the Supreme Court of India in decriminalizing homosexual acts between consenting adults. In addition, when examining the correlation between race and gender in the labor market, researchers found that these two variables are dependent on each other, building a critical and complex system of inequality.
Functionalists claim that inequality and stratification is functional for society and a source of social order. The key point of the theory is that Stratification is universal and necessary. When the family functions well, it contributes to the stability of society. The father in the family is suppose to work and be the income source for the household, whereas the mother is responsible for raising the children and managing the household Brym, 2014. In order to complement predefined gender roles, the division of labor applies a structural functionalist vision of gender inequality: women care for the house while men provide for the family.
Women are allowed and often encouraged to work but they are not rewarded or compensated at the same level, for their efforts, that men in the work force are. The second idea, which juxtaposes the first, is the conflict theory of stratification. In Pakistani society women largely are responsible for household chores such as cooking, cleaning and doing the laundry whereas men are responsible for earning an income to provide financial support to their families. The functionalist perspective is the perspective that shows how parts of society work in a structured manner to keep the survival of a society. Ever since I was a little girl, I was always told to see the beauty coming from the inside of a person's heart and to never judge someone by the color of their skin.
Racial And Gender Inequality: Functionalist Theory
Work division is aimed at maximizing resources and efficiency. The high rewards act as motivation for the years of work and preparation required for the difficult and responsible careers that some people choose. Feminism does not exclusively focus on women, girls, and the inherent aim of endorsing the dominance of women over the men. Campbell, 2014b, c: 4. Their goal was to understand the purpose of a behavior or a mental state, not its internal structure.
In this view, gender roles play an important part in stabilizing society and maintaining order. This gender pay gap involves the disparity between the hourly wages of men and women under the assumptions of equal work and work value. Queer Theory is studying society from the view of multiple different sexual identities. This is known as second shift, where women not only work at their jobs but also come back home and complete their household chores. . According to this perspective, each behavior serves a particular role.
There are many different ideas as to why education is so important and the functions it fulfills within society, some more positive than others. Functionalist Perspective 1008 Words 5 Pages The functionalist perspective argue that society provides us with norms or guidelines Leon-Guerrero 2014. One current example of this is the recent revelation that, in 2018, Tokyo Medical University marked down the test scores of young women applying to embark on a career in medicine, to ensure more men became doctors. When women do not make enough money to provide for their family, their children are affected because they are not able to get what they… Gender Discrimination And Gender Inequality In Society Furthermore, gender roles as stated by dictionary. In perspective, functionalism structures social influences by what is visible and in demand now. Dorius and Firebaugh, 2010: 1959. Like Hollingworth, Woolley conducted research that challenged dominant views about women at the time.
A very popular cause of gender inequality is the fact that we live in a society which is driven primarily by patriarchy. Others, however, have viewed such renewed international activism as heralding a new era of protest, heralded by social media and its potential to make such protests for gender inequality truly global, in ways which were not possible before. This is what accounts for their different roles in societies and explains why women are unequal. Consequentially, the feminist movements fight for same opportunities and rights for women including economic, political, and social rights. This theory holds that, according to Emile Durkheim, "inequalities are good for society. The struggle is so vital to global stability and success that the United Nations UN addresses it in their sustainable development goals.