Sigmund Freud is considered one of the most influential figures in the history of psychology and has had a significant impact on contemporary thought. Freud's theories on the unconscious mind, the structure of the psyche, and the role of sexuality in human behavior have had a lasting influence on psychology and continue to be studied and debated by scholars and practitioners today.
One of the most well-known and influential figures in the field of psychology, Alfred Adler was a contemporary of Freud and a colleague of his at the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. Adler is known for his contributions to the field of individual psychology, which focused on the role of the individual in shaping their own life and the importance of social connections in psychological development.
Adler's theories were largely influenced by his own experiences as a doctor and his observations of his patients. He believed that individuals have a deep-seated desire to feel valued and significant, and that this desire drives much of human behavior. Adler also emphasized the role of social connections in psychological development and argued that individuals are influenced by their relationships with others, particularly in childhood.
Adler and Freud had a strained relationship, with Adler eventually breaking away from the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society due to differences in their theories. However, Adler's work has had a significant influence on psychology and is still studied and debated today.
Overall, Freud and Adler's contributions to the field of psychology continue to be highly influential and relevant in contemporary thought. Their theories on the unconscious mind, the structure of the psyche, and the role of sexuality and social connections in human behavior have shaped our understanding of the human mind and continue to be studied and applied in various settings.